• Fontaine–Farriaux syndrome;
  • periventricular nodular heterotopia;
  • craniosynostosis;
  • X chromosomal interstitial deletion


We report on a follow-up evaluation of a male with a phenotype including craniosynostosis, periventricular nodular heterotopia, and neurodevelopmental delay. He was initially assigned a clinical diagnosis of Fontaine–Farriaux syndrome (FFS) as an infant although now, with improved delineation of this entity, it is evident that this diagnosis is not applicable to this individual. Array comparative genomic hybridization has demonstrated a 300 kb interstitial deletion on Xp22.11 affecting all or part of three annotated genes, ZFX, PDK3, and PCYT1B in this subject. The deletion was inherited from the phenotypically normal mother who also exhibited markedly skewed X-inactivation. These findings implicate hemizygosity for one or all three of these genes as the cause of this phenotype. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.