Proximal duplications of the long arm of chromosome 16 are rare and only a few patients have been reported. Clinically, the patients do not have a distinctive syndromic appearance; however they all show some degree of intellectual disability and most have severely delayed speech development. We report on a child presenting with mild-to-moderate intellectual disability, microcephaly, language dyspraxia, and mild dysmorphisms who was found to have a mosaic gain of chromosome 16q (16q11.2–16q12.1). Magnetic resonance imaging done at the age of 4 years demonstrated cerebellar cortical dysplasia involving the vermis and hemispheres. This is the first report of cerebellar anomalies in a patient with partial trisomy 16q. The genes ZNF423 and CBLN1 found in the duplicated region play a role in the development of the cerebellum and may be responsible for the cerebellar cortical dysplasia. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.