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Functional characterization of a novel TP63 mutation in a family with overlapping features of Rapp-Hodgkin/AEC/ADULT syndromes

Authors


  • How to Cite this Article: Serra V, Castori M, Paradisi M, Bui L, Melino G, Terrinoni A. 2011. Functional characterization of a novel TP63 mutation in a family with overlapping features of Rapp-Hodgkin/AEC/ADULT syndromes. Am J Med Genet Part A 155: 3104–3109.

Abstract

Heterozygous mutations in TP63 cause a wide spectrum of autosomal dominant developmental disorders variably affecting skin, limbs, and face. TP63 encodes p63, a protein expressed in two main isoforms (Tap63 and ΔNp63) with critical roles in both cell differentiation and development. Some analyses suggest a relationship of the mutation site to the observed clinical picture, although this link is inconsistent. This suggests an appreciable phenotypic continuity within the TP63-related disorders. We report a 3-month-old boy ascertained for congenital scalp erosion and mild features of ectodermal dysplasia. His mother showed full-blown characteristics of Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome plus intense abdominal and popliteal freckling. Molecular investigation identified the novel TP63 mutation c.1697delG. We used a luciferase reporter assay to compare the effects on the p63 transactivation (TA) activity of c.1697delG with that of the p.Arg280Cys and p.Gln634X mutations, associated with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip/palate syndrome and isolated split hand/foot malformation, respectively. These results demonstrated complex behavior of c.1697delG in the TA of genes involved in epidermal differentiation and development and shed further light in the physiopathology of TP63-related disorders. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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