• depressed nasal bridge;
  • low nasal bridge;
  • anophthalmia;
  • microphthalmia;
  • rotated ears;
  • angulated ears;
  • low-set ears;
  • shortened fingers;
  • short fingers;
  • shortened arms;
  • short arms;
  • atrial septal defect (ASD);
  • autism spectrum disorders (ASDs);
  • mental retardation;
  • intellectual disability;
  • radiographs;
  • reveal;
  • disclose;
  • demonstrate;
  • show;
  • new syndrome;
  • newly recognized syndrome;
  • possessive case;
  • comma;
  • italicize;
  • Latin;
  • book;
  • upper case;
  • corresponding author;
  • editors;
  • publishers


Terminology discussed here is subsumed under “common misused terms in medical genetics articles” (depressed nasal bridge; anophthalmia; rotated ears; low-set ears; heterotopia; ASD as an abbreviation for autism spectrum disorders; mental retardation; “radiographs revealed something”; and new syndrome) and also subsumed under “erroneous terminology that persists at the editorial and publishing level” (failure to understand the possessive case of names ending in “s”; failure to understand that a comma should not be used before Jr; problematic use of numbers in reference sections; failure to italicize Latin phrases; failure to honor book titles that begin words with upper case letters; omitting the corresponding author; and inadequate citation of foreign languages). © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.