Nablus mask-like facial syndrome: Deletion of chromosome 8q22.1 is necessary but not sufficient to cause the phenotype

Authors


  • Conflicts of interest: None.

  • How to Cite this Article: Allanson J, Smith A, Hare H, Albrecht B, Bijlsma E, Dallapiccola B, Donti E, Fitzpatrick D, Isidor B, Lachlan K, Le Caignec C, Prontera P, Raas-Rothschild A, Rogaia D, van Bon B, Aradhya S, Crocker SF, Jarinova O, McGowan-Jordan J, Boycott K, Bulman D, Ringmann Fagerberg C. 2012. Nablus mask-like facial syndrome: Deletion of chromosome 8q22.1 is necessary but not sufficient to cause the phenotype. Am J Med Genet Part A. 158A:2091–2099.

Abstract

Nablus mask-like facial syndrome (NMLFS) has many distinctive phenotypic features, particularly tight glistening skin with reduced facial expression, blepharophimosis, telecanthus, bulky nasal tip, abnormal external ear architecture, upswept frontal hairline, and sparse eyebrows. Over the last few years, several individuals with NMLFS have been reported to have a microdeletion of 8q21.3q22.1, demonstrated by microarray analysis. The minimal overlapping region is 93.98–96.22 Mb (hg19). Here we present clinical and microarray data from five singletons and two mother-child pairs who have heterozygous deletions significantly overlapping the region associated with NMLFS. Notably, while one mother and child were said to have mild tightening of facial skin, none of these individuals exhibited reduced facial expression or the classical facial phenotype of NMLFS. These findings indicate that deletion of the 8q21.3q22.1 region is necessary but not sufficient for development of the NMLFS. We discuss possible genetic mechanisms underlying the complex pattern of inheritance for this condition. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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