• Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease;
  • cerebral hypomyelination;
  • spondylo-epi-metaphyseal dysplasia


We reported on a male patient with rare leukoencephalopathy and skeletal abnormalities. The condition was first noticed as a developmental delay, nystagmus and ataxia at 1 year of age. At 4 years of age, he was diagnosed as hypomyelination with skeletal abnormalities from clinical features, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and skeletal X-rays. His brain MRI revealed diffuse hypomyelination. These findings suggested the classical type of Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease (PMD) caused by proteolipid protein (PLP)-1 gene or Pelizaeus–Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD). However, we found neither mutation nor duplication of PLP-1. The patient had severe growth retardation and general skeletal dysplasia compatible with spondylo-epi-metaphyseal dysplasia; however the mutation of discoidin domain receptor (DDR) 2 gene was absent. The co-morbidity of hypomyelination with skeletal abnormalities is rare. We performed array CGH and no causal copy number variation was recognized. Alternatively, this condition may have been caused by a mutation of the gene encoding a molecule that functions in both cerebral myelination and skeletal development. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.