SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • autosomal recessive cutis laxa;
  • FIBULIN 4;
  • homozygosity mapping;
  • arterial tortuosity

Abstract

Autosomal recessive cutis laxa (ARCL) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by loose, inelastic skin and variable systemic involvement and severity. Mutations in the FBLN4 gene are associated with ARCL1B. Fibulin-4 is important in elastic fiber formation and smooth muscle cell differentiation. We describe herein an 8-year-old boy who presented with severe aortic root dilatation and arterial tortuosity at 1 year of age which required surgical repair. His parents were consanguineous and there was a family history of three brothers who died early in life with an unknown type of connective tissue disorder in the 1960s. Both parents of the patient reported here were related to these three boys. We used a homozygosity mapping strategy with a 900K SNP array and identified FBLN4 as a candidate gene in an extended region of homozygosity. We sequenced this gene in the patient and identified a homozygous non-synonymous mutation at c.376G>A (p.Glu126Lys) in exon 5 that was predicted to be damaging. ARCL1B has most typically been associated with early demise but our report suggests that long-term survival is possible. With this longer term survival we are learning more about the natural history of this disorder, which includes baroreceptor reflex failure and low bone mineral density in this patient. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.