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Keywords:

  • coloboma;
  • micophthalmia;
  • nasal skin tag;
  • anorectal malformation;
  • cat eye syndrome;
  • chromosome 3q26.3;
  • microdeletion;
  • SOX2;
  • PRKCA

Abstract

A full term female newborn presented with prominent forehead, bilateral microphthalmia, iris coloboma and cataract, wide intercanthal distance, large, low-set and protruding ears, skin tag at the left nasal nostril, imperforate anus with rectovestibular fistula, and postnatal growth delay with brachymicrocephaly. A marker chromosome was not detectable and the copy number of 22q11 was normal. However, array CGH revealed a 3.5 Mb microdeletion of chromosome region 3q26.32–3q26.33 (chr. 3: 178,598,162–182,114,483; hg19) which comprised the SOX2 gene. While SOX2 haploinsufficiency is known to cause microphthalmia and coloboma, it has not been described before in patients with anal atresia. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.