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Keywords:

  • telomeric association;
  • tas;
  • telomere;
  • chromosome

Abstract

Telomeric associations (TAs) are fusions between two telomeres of two different chromosomes without visible loss of chromosomal material. Constitutional telomeric associations are rare chromosomal anomalies. We report on the cytogenetic and molecular analyses of a TA involving chromosomes Y and 7 in a child with a female phenotype. Prenatal cytogenetic analysis showed a 45,X chromosome complement in all cells. No fetal abnormality was identified at ultrasound examinations and the pregnancy went to term. During childhood, the proband had gonadal dysgenesis but no other phenotypic manifestations of Turner syndrome. Molecular genetic analyses showed the presence of genomic DNA of the SRY gene without any mutation. Karyotyping and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses on blood showed two cell lines: one cell line with a TA involving chromosomes Y and 7 [46,X,tas(Y;7)(p11.32;q36.3)] and a second cell line with a 45,X pattern. A human pantelomeric repeat TTAGGG probe hybridized to the junction of the TA within the derivative chromosome. FISH and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analyses demonstrated that tas(Y;7) occurred without detectable loss of any sequence at the derivative chromosome. SNP array analysis excluded an uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 7. Knowing more about TAs will help geneticists to deliver accurate genetic counseling. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.