The association between behavior and genotype in Rett syndrome using the Australian Rett Syndrome Database

Authors

  • Laila Robertson,

    Corresponding author
    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia
    • Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, P.O. Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia.
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  • Sonĵa E. Hall,

    1. School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia
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  • Peter Jacoby,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia
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  • Carolyn Ellaway,

    1. Western Sydney Genetics Program, The Children's Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    2. Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
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  • Nick de Klerk,

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia
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  • Helen Leonard

    1. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia
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Abstract

This study compared the behavior profile of cases in the Australian Rett Syndrome Database (ARSD) with those in a British study using the Rett Syndrome Behavior Questionnaire (RSBQ) and then examined behavioral patterns as measured by the RSBQ by genetic status. There were 145 Australian cases meeting the criteria for the first arm of the study and 135 for the second arm. Comparison of the scores obtained from the British and Australian cohorts indicated that the RSBQ was a satisfactory measure for describing behaviors in Rett Syndrome (RS). Overall, there were some differences among the behavior patterns of cases with the well-known common mutations. Fear/anxiety was more commonly reported in those with R133C and R306C. Those with the R294X mutation were more likely to have mood difficulties and body rocking but less likely to have hand behaviors and to display repetitive face movements. In contrast, hand behaviors were more commonly reported in those with R270X or R255X. We found the RSBQ is an appropriate instrument for measuring behavior in girls with RS. Some behaviors differ according to genetic mutation but there is both inter and intra mutation variation in behavior and there is a need for larger studies involving international collaboration to improve statistical power. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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