Mutational screening analysis of DHCR24/seladin-1 gene in Italian familial Alzheimer's disease

Authors

  • Andrea Tedde,

    1. Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, Center for Research, Transfer and High Education on Chronic, Inflammatory, Degenerative and Neoplastic Disorders for the Development of Novel Therapies (DENOThe), University of Florence, Florence, Italy
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  • Elena Cellini,

    1. Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, Center for Research, Transfer and High Education on Chronic, Inflammatory, Degenerative and Neoplastic Disorders for the Development of Novel Therapies (DENOThe), University of Florence, Florence, Italy
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  • Silvia Bagnoli,

    1. Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, Center for Research, Transfer and High Education on Chronic, Inflammatory, Degenerative and Neoplastic Disorders for the Development of Novel Therapies (DENOThe), University of Florence, Florence, Italy
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  • Sandro Sorbi,

    1. Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences, Center for Research, Transfer and High Education on Chronic, Inflammatory, Degenerative and Neoplastic Disorders for the Development of Novel Therapies (DENOThe), University of Florence, Florence, Italy
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  • Alessandro Peri

    Corresponding author
    1. Endocrine Unit, Department of Clinical Physiopathology, Center for Research, Transfer and High Education on Chronic, Inflammatory, Degenerative and Neoplastic Disorders for the Development of Novel Therapies (DENOThe), University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    • Endocrine Unit, Department of Clinical Physiopathology, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy.
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  • Please cite this article as follows: Tedde A, Elena C, Silvia B, Sorbi S, Peri A. 2007. Mutational Screening Analysis of DHCR24/Seladin-1 Gene in Italian Familial Alzheimer's Disease. Am J Med Genet Part B 147B:117–119.

Abstract

There is evidence that both environmental and genetic factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The amount of brain cholesterol, for instance, has been suggested to play a role in the development of the disease. Accordingly, the Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 allele has been identified as a major risk factor for the occurrence of AD. The product of the DHCR24/seladin-1 gene has enzymatic activity, which converts desmosterol into cholesterol. The expression of this gene, which confers protection against β-amyloid toxicity and from oxidative stress, is downregulated in AD vulnerable brain regions and it has been proposed as possibly involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. In this study, we evaluated the possible genetic contribution of the DHCR24/seladin-1 gene to Italian familial cases of AD. The exons 1–9 of this gene from 100 patients were subjected to mutation screening analysis. We identified a new C to T transition in exon 1 (Leu60Leu) and a previously described C to T transition in exon 7 (Ile342Ile-rs718265). Our preliminary results suggest the absence of an association between DHCR24/seladin-1 genotypes and AD in the Italian population. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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