SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Abbs B, Liang L, Makris N, Tsuang MT, Seidman LJ, Goldstein JM. 2011. Covariance modeling of MRI brain volumes in memory circuitry in schizophrenia: Sex differences are critical. NeuroImage 56(4):18651874.
  • Abel KM, Drake R, Goldstein JM. 2010. Sex differences in schizophrenia. Int Rev Psychiatry 22(5):417428.
  • Alaerts M, Del-Favero J. 2009. Searching genetic risk factors for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: Learn from the past and back to the future. Hum Mutat 30(8):11391152.
  • Aleman A, Kahn RS, Selten JP. 2003. Sex differences in the risk of schizophrenia: Evidence from meta-analysis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:565571.
  • Antonarakis SE, Blouin JL, Pulver AE, Wolyniec P, Lasseter VK, Nestadt G, Kasch L, Babb R, Kazazian HH, Dombroski B, et al. 1995. Schizophrenia susceptibility and chromosome 6p24-22. Nat Genet 11(3):235236.
  • Arolt V, Lencer R, Nolte A, Muller-Myhsok B, Purmann S, Schurmann M, Leutelt J, Pinnow M, Schwinger E. 1996. Eye tracking dysfunction is a putative phenotypic susceptibility marker of schizophrenia and maps to a locus on chromosome 6p in families with multiple occurrence of the disease. Am J Med Genet 67(6):564579.
  • Asherson P, Parfitt E, Sargeant M, Tidmarsh S, Buckland P, Taylor C, Clements A, Gill M, McGuffin P, Owen M. 1992. No evidence for a pseudoautosomal locus for schizophrenia: Linkage analysis of multiply affected families. Br J Psychiatry 161:6368.
  • Baron M, Risch N, Hamburger R, Mandel B, Kushner S, Newman M, Drumer D, Belmaker RH. 1987. Genetic linkage between X-chromosome markers and bipolar affective illness. Nature 326:289292.
  • Bearden C, Reus V, Freimer N. 2004. Why genetic investigattion of psychiatric disorders is so difficult. Curr Opin Genet Dev 14:280286.
  • Bellodi L, Bussoleni C, Scorza-Smeraldi R, Grassi G, Zacchetti L, Smeraldi E. 1986. Family study of schizophrenia: Exploratory analysis for relevant factors. Schizophr Bull 12(1):120128.
  • Bergen SE, Petryshen TL. 2012. Genome-wide association studies of schizophrenia: Does bigger lead to better results? Curr Opin Psychiatry 25(2):7682.
  • Bergen SE, Fanous AH, Walsh D, O'Neill FA, Kendler KS. 2009. Polymorphisms in SLC6A4, PAH, GABRB3, and MAOB and modification of psychotic disorder features. Schizophr Res 109(1–3):9497.
  • Bergen SE, O'Dushlaine CT, Ripke S, Lee PH, Ruderfer DM, Akterin S, Moran JL, Chambert KD, Handsaker RE, Backlund L, et al. 2012. Genome-wide association study in a Swedish population yields support for greater CNV and MHC involvement in schizophrenia compared with bipolar disorder. Mol Psychiatry 17(9):880886.
  • Blouin JL, Dombroski BA, Nath SK, Lasseter VK, Wolyniec PS, Nestadt G, Thornquist M, Ullrich G, McGrath J, Kasch L, et al. 1998. Schizophrenia susceptibility loci on chromosomes 13q32 and 8p21. Nat Genet 20(1):7073.
  • Boks MP, de Vette MH, Sommer IE, van Rijn S, Giltay JC, Swaab H, Kahn R. 2007. Psychiatric morbidity and X-chromosomal origin in Klinefelter sample. Schizophr Res 93(1–3):399402.
  • Cannon TD, Kaprio J, Lonnqvist J, Huttunen M, Koskenvuo M. 1998. The genetic epidemiology of schizophrenia in a Finnish twin cohort. A population-based modeling study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 55(1):6774.
  • Carrera N, Sanjuan J, Molto MD, Carracedo A, Costas J. 2009. Recent adaptive selection at MAOB and ancestral susceptibility to schizophrenia. Am J Med Genet Part B 150B(3):369374.
  • Carroll L, Williams N, Moskvina V, Russell E, Norton N, Williams H, Peirce T, Georgieva L, Dwyer S, Grozeva D, et al. 2010. Evidence for rare and common genetic risk variants for schizophrenia at protein kinase C, alpha. Mol Psychiatry 15(11):11011111.
  • Castle DJ, Wessely S, Murray RM. 1993. Sex and schizophrenia: Effects of diagnostic stringency, and associations with premorbid variables. Br J Psychiatry 162:653664.
  • Chen X, Wang X, Hossain S, O'Neill FA, Walsh D, Pless L, Chowdari KV, Nimgaonkar VL, Schwab SG, Wildenauer DB, et al. 2006. Haplotypes spanning SPEC2, PDZ-GEF2 and ACSL6 genes are associated with schizophrenia. Hum Mol Genet 15(22):33293342.
  • Chen Q, Wang X, O'Neill FA, Walsh D, Kendler KS, Chen X. 2008. Is the histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1) gene a candidate for schizophrenia? Schizophr Res 106(2–3):200207.
  • Collinge J, DeLisi LE, Boccio A, Johnstone EC, Lane A, Larkin C, Leach M, Lofthouse R, Owen F, Poulter M, et al. 1991. Evidence for a pseudo-autosomal locus for schizophrenia using the method of affected sibling pairs. Br J Psychiatry 158:624629.
  • Coon H, Holik J, Hoff M, Reimherr F, Wender P, Freedman R, Byerley W. 1994. Analysis of chromosome 22 markers in 9 schizophrenia pedigrees. Am J Med Genet Part B 54B:7279.
  • Crow TJ. 1988. Sex chromosomes and psychosis: The case for a pseudoautosomal locus. Br J Psychiatry 153:675683.
  • Crow TJ. 2007. How and why genetic linkage has not solved the problem of psychosis: Review and hypothesis. Am J Psychiatry 164:1321.
  • Crow TJ. 2008. Craddock & Owen vs Kraepelin: 85 years late, mesmerised by “polygenes”. Schizophr Res 103(1–3):156160.
  • Crow TJ. 2012. Schizophrenia as variation in the sapiens-specific epigenetic instruction to the embryo. Clin Genet 81(4):319324.
  • Crow TJ, DeLisi LE, Johnstone EC. 1989. Concordance by sex in sibling pairs with schizophrenia is paternally inherited: Evidence for a pseudoautosomal locus. Br J Psychiatry 155:9297.
  • Crow TJ, DeLisi LE, Johnstone EC. 1990. In reply … A locus closer to the telomere? Br J Psychiatry 156:416420.
  • Crow TJ, DeLisi LE, Lofthouse R, Poulter M, Lehner T, Bass N, Shah T, Walsh C, Boccio-Smith A, Shields G, et al. 1994. An examination of linkage of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to the pseudoautosomal region (Xp22.3). Br J Psychiatry 164(2):159164.
  • D'Amato T, Campion D, Gorwood PH, Jay M, Sabate O, Petit C, Abbar M, Malafosse A, Leboyer M, Hillaire D, et al. 1992. Evidence for a pseudoautosomal locus for schizophrenia: II. Replication of a non-random segregation of alleles at the DSYS14 locus. Br J Psychiatry 161:5962.
  • Del Zompo M, Bocchetta A, Goldin LR, Corsini GU. 1984. Linkage between X-chromosome markers and manic-depressive illness. Acta Psychiatr Scand 70:282287.
  • DeLisi LE, Crow TJ. 1989. Evidence for a sex chromosome locus for schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull 15(3):431440.
  • DeLisi LE, Devoto M, Lofthouse R, Poulter M, Smith A, Shields G, Bass N, Chen G, Vita A, Morganti C, et al. 1994. Search for linkage to schizophrenia on the X and Y chromosomes. Am J Med Genet 54:113121.
  • DeLisi LE, Shaw S, Sherrington R, Nanthakumar B, Shields G, Smith AB, Wellman N, Larach VW, Loftus J, Razi K, et al. 2000. Failure to establish linkage on the X chromosome in 301 families with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Am J Med Genet 96(3):335341.
  • DeLisi LE, Maurizio AM, Svetina C, Ardekani B, Szulc K, Nierenberg J, Leonard J, Harvey PD. 2005. Klinefelter's syndrome (XXY) as a genetic model for psychotic disorders. Am J Med Genet Part B 135B(1):1523.
  • Elsabagh S, Premkumar P, Anilkumar A, Kumari V. 2009. A longer duration of schizophrenic illness has sex-specific associations within the working memory neural network in schizophrenia. Behav Brain Res 201(1):4147.
  • Faraone SV, Matise C, Svrakic D, Pepple J, Malaspina D, Suarez B, Hampe C, Zambuto CT, Schmitt K, Meyer J, et al. 1998. Genome scan of the European–American schizophrenia pedigrees: Results of the NIMH genetics initiative and millenium consortium. Am J Med Genet Part B 81B:290295.
  • Feng J, Sun G, Yan J, Noltne K, Li W, Buzin CH, Longmate J, Heston LL, Rossi J, Sommer SS. 2009. Evidence for X-chromosomal schizophrenia associated with microRNA alterations. PLoS ONE 4(7):e6121.
  • Fischer M. 1973. Genetic and environmental factors in schizophrenia. A study of schizophrenic twins and their families. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl 238:9142.
  • Freedman R, Coon H, Myles-Worsley M, Orr-Urtreger A, Olincy A, Davis A, Polymeropoulos M, Holik J, Hopkins J, Hoff M, et al. 1997. Linkage of a neurophysiological deficit in schizophrenia to a chromosome 15 locus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94(2):587592.
  • Gill M, Vallada H, Collier D, Sham P, Holmans P, Murray R, McGuffin P, Nanko S, Owen M, Antonarakis S, et al. 1996. A combined analysis of D22S278 marker alleles in affected sib-pairs: Support for a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia at chromosome 22q12A. Am J Med Genet 67(1):4045.
  • Godlewska BR, Olajossy-Hilkesberger L, Limon J, Landowski J. 2010. Ser9Gly polymorphism of the DRD3 gene is associated with worse premorbid social functioning and an earlier age of onset in female but not male schizophrenic patients. Psychiatry Res 177(1–2):266267.
  • Goldstein JM. 1995. Gender and the familial transmission of schizophrenia. In: Seeman MV, editor. Gender and psychopathology. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. pp 201226.
  • Goldstein JM, Link BG. 1988. Gender and the expression of schizophrenia. J Psychiatr Res 22:141155.
  • Goldstein JM, Walder DJ. 2006. Sex differences in schizophrenia: The case for developmental origins and etiological implications. The Early Course of Schizophrenia. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp 147173.
  • Goldstein JM, Faraone SV, Chen WJ, Tolomiczenko G, Tsuang MT. 1990. Sex differences in the familial transmission of schizophrenia. Br J Psychiatry 156:819826.
  • Goldstein JM, Faraone SV, Chen WJ, Tsuang MT. 1993. The role of gender in understanding the familial transmission of schizoaffective disorder. Br J Psychiatry 163:763768.
  • Goldstein JM, Faraone SV, Chen WJ, Tsuang MT. 1995. Genetic heterogeneity may in part explain sex differences in the familial risk for schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry 38:808813.
  • Goldstein JM, Seidman LJ, Goodman JM, Koren D, Lee H, Weintraub S, Tsuang MT. 1998. Are there sex differences in neuropsychological functions among patients with schizophrenia? Am J Psychiatry 155(10):13581364.
  • Goldstein JM, Seidman LJ, Horton NJ, Makris N, Kennedy DN, Caviness VS Jr, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. 2001. Normal sexual dimorphism of the adult human brain assessed by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging. Cereb Cortex 11(6):490497.
  • Goldstein JM, Seidman LJ, O'Brien LM, Horton NJ, Kennedy DN, Makris N, Caviness VS Jr, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. 2002. Impact of normal sexual dimorphisms on sex differences in structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Arch Gen Psychiatry 59(2):154164.
  • Goldstein JM, Seidman LJ, Makris N, Ahern T, O'Brien LM, Caviness VS, Kennedy DN, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. 2007. Hypothalamic abnormalities in schizophrenia: Sex effects and genetic vulnerability. Biol Psychiatry 61:935945.
  • Goldstein JM, Cherkerzian S, Seidman LJ, Petryshen TL, Fitzmaurice G, Tsuang MT, Buka SL. 2011. Sex-specific rates of transmission of psychosis in the New England high-risk family study. Schizophr Res 128(1–3):150155.
  • Gorwood PH, Leboyer M, d'Amato T, Jay M, Campion D, Hillaire D, Mallet J, Feingold J. 1992. Evidence for a pseudoautosomal locus for schizophrenia, I: A replication study using phenotype analysis. Br J Psychiatry 161:5558.
  • Gottesman II. 1994. Schizophrenia epigenesis: Past, present, and future. Acta Psychiatr Scand 90:2633.
  • Gottesman II, Shields J. 1972. Schizophrenia and genetics: A twin study vantage point. New York: Academic Press.
  • Gottesman II, Shields J. 1982. Schizophrenia, The epigenetic puzzle. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gur R, Kohler C, Turetsky B, Siegel S, Kanes S, Bilker W, Brennan A, Gur R. 2004. A sexually dimorphic ratio of orbitofrontal to amygdala volume is altered in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry 55(5):512517.
  • Haberecht M, Menon V, Warsofsky I, White C, Dyer-Friedman J, Glover G, Neely E, Reiss A. 2001. Functional neuroanatomy of visuo-spatial working memory in Turner syndrome. Hum Brain Mapp 14(2):96107.
  • Hennah W, Varilo T, Kestilä M, Paunio T, Arajärvi R, Haukka JK, Parker A, Martin R, Levitzky S, Partonen T, et al. 2003. Haplotype transmission analysis provides evidence of association for DISC1 to schizophrenia and suggests sex-dependent effects. Hum Mol Genet 12(23):31513159.
  • International Schizophrenia Consortium, Purcell SM, Wray NR, Stone JL, Visscher PM, O'Donovan MC, Sullivan PF, Sklar P. 2009. Common polygenic variation contributes to risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Nature 460(7256):748752.
  • Kaufmann CA, Suarez B, Malaspina D, Pepple J, Svrakic D, Markel PD, Meyer J, Zambuto CT, Schmitt K, Matise TC, et al. 1998. NIMH Genetics Initiative Millenium Schizophrenia Consortium: Linkage analysis of African-American pedigrees. Am J Med Genet 81(4):282289.
  • Kendler KS. 1988. The genetics of schizophrenia: An overview. In: Tsuang MT, Simpson JC, editors. Handbook of schizophrenia: Nosology, epidemiology and genetics. Amsterdam: Elsevier. pp 437462.
  • Klauck S, Lindsay SJ, Beyer K, Splitt M, Burn J, Poustka A. 2002. A mutation hot spot for nonspecific X-linked mental retardation in the MECP2 gene causes the PPM-X syndrome. Am J Hum Genet 70:10341037.
  • Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Boake C, Xian H, Jacobson KC, Waterman B, Eisen SA, Goldberg J, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. 2006. A discordant twin study of premorbid cognitive ability in schizophrenia. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 28(2):208224.
  • Kringlen E. 1968. An epidemiological-clinical twin study on schizophrenia. In: Rosenthal D, Kesy S, editors. The transmission of schizophrenia. Oxford: Pergamon Press. pp 4963.
  • Lasseter VK, Pulver AE, Wolyniec PS, Nestadt G, Meyers D, Karayiorgou M, Housman D, Antonarakis S, Kazazian H, Kasch L, et al. 1995. Follow-up report of potential linkage for schizophrenia on chromosome 22q: Part 3. Am J Med Genet 60(2):172173.
  • Lencz T, Morgan TV, Athanasiou M, Dain B, Reed CR, Kane JM, Kucherlapati R, Malhotra AK. 2007. Converging evidence for a pseudoautosomal cytokine receptor gene locus in schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry 12(6):572580.
  • Lewine RR. 1979. Sex differences in schizophrenia: A commentary. Schizophr Bull 5(1):47.
  • Lewine R, Burbach D, Meltzer HY. 1984. Effect of diagnostic criteria on the ratio of male to female schizophrenic patients. Am J Psychiatry 141(1):8487.
  • Luxenberger H. 1928. Vorlaufiger bericht uber psychiatrische serienuntersuchungen an zwillingen [First report of a series of psychiatric twins]. Z Gesamte Neurol Psy [J Neurol Psychiatry] 116:297326.
  • Luxenberger H. 1934. Die manifestationswahrscheinlichkeit der schizophrenie im lichte der zwillingsforschung [The expression of schizophrenia in twins]. Z Psych Hyg [J Psychiatr Hyg] 7:174184.
  • Lyons MJ, Huppert J, Toomey R, Harley R, Goldberg J, Eisen S, True W, Faraone SV, Tsuang MT. 2000. Lifetime prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in twin pairs discordant for schizophrenia. Twin Res 3(1):2832.
  • Lyons MJ, Bar JL, Kremen WS, Toomey R, Eisen SA, Goldberg J, Faraone SV, Tsuang M. 2002. Nicotine and familial vulnerability to schizophrenia: A discordant twin study. J Abnorm Psychol 111(4):687693.
  • Magi R, Lindgren CM, Morris AP. 2010. Meta-analysis of sex-specific genome-wide association studies. Genet Epidemiol 34(8):846853.
  • Malhotra D, Sebat J. 2012. CNVs: Harbingers of a rare variant revolution in psychiatric genetics. Cell 148(6):12231241.
  • Maric NP, Svrakic DM. 2012. Why schizophrenia genetics needs epigenetics: A review. Psychiatr Danub 24(1):218.
  • Maziade M, Bissonnette L, Rouillard E, Martinez M, Turgeon M, Charron L, Pouliot V, Boutin P, Cliche D, Dion C, et al. 1997. 6p24-22 region and major psychoses in the Eastern Quebec population. Le Groupe IREP. Am J Med Genet 74(3):311318.
  • McGrath J, Saha S, Chant D, Welham J. 2008. Schizophrenia: A concise overview of incidence, prevalence, and mortality. Epidemiol Rev 30(1):6776.
  • Mendlewicz J, Linkowski P, Wilmotte J. 1980. Linkage between glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and manic-depressive psychosis. Br J Psychiatry 137:337342.
  • Moises HW, Yang L, Kristbjarnarson H, Wiese C, Byerley W, Macciardi F, Arolt V, Blackwood D, Liu X, Sjogren B, et al. 1995a. An international two-stage genome-wide search for schizophrenia susceptibility genes. Nat Genet 11(3):321324.
  • Moises HW, Yang L, Li T, Havsteen B, Fimmers R, Baur MP, Liu X, Gottesman II. 1995b. Potential linkage disequilibrium between schizophrenia and locus D22S278 on the long arm of chromosome 22. Am J Med Genet 60(5):465467.
  • Molko N, Cachia A, Riviere D, Mangin J, Bruandet M, LeBihan D, Cohen L, Dehaene S. 2004. Brain anatomy in Turner syndrome: Evidence for impaired social and spatial-numerical networks. Cereb Cortex 14(8):840850.
  • Mott FW. 1910. The Huxley Lecture on Hereditary Aspects of Nervous and Mental Diseases. Br Med J 2(2597):10131020.
  • Mowry BJ, Gratten J. 2013. The emerging spectrum of allelic variation in schizophrenia: Current evidence and strategies for the identification and functional characterization of common and rare variants. Mol Psychiatry 18(1):3852.
  • Murphy D, Mentis M, Pietrini P, Grady C, Daly E, Haxby J, De La Granja M, Allen G, Largay K, White B, et al. 1997. A PET study of Turner's syndrome: Effects of sex steroids and the X chromosome on brain. Biol Psychiatry 41(3):285298.
  • Myerson A. 1925. Inheritance of mental disease. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.
  • Nasrallah HA, Wilcox JA. 1989. Gender differences in the etiology and symptoms of schizophrenia: Genetic versus brain injury factor. Ann Clin Psychiatry 1(1):5153.
  • Ng MY, Levinson DF, Faraone SV, Suarez BK, Delisi LE, Arinami T, Riley B, Paunio T, Pulver AE, Irmansyah I, et al. 2008. Meta-analysis of 32 genome-wide linkage studies of schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry.
  • Nimgaonkar VL, Wessely S, Murray RM. 1988. Prevalence of familiality, obstetric complications, and structural brain damage in schizophrenic patients. Br J Psychiatry 153:191197.
  • O'Donovan MC, Craddock N, Norton N, Williams H, Peirce T, Moskvina V, Nikolov I, Hamshere M, Carroll L, Georgieva L, et al. 2008. Identification of loci associated with schizophrenia by genome-wide association and follow-up. Nat Genet 40(9):10531055.
  • Owen MJ, Craddock N, O'Donovan MC. 2010. Suggestion of roles for both common and rare risk variants in genome-wide studies of schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry 67(7):667673.
  • Paterson AD. 1999. Sixth world congress of psychiatric genetics X chromosome workshop. Am J Med Genet 88(3):279286.
  • Penrose LS. 1945. Survey of cases of familial mental illness. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 240(6):315324.
  • Philibert RA, Sandhu HK, Hutton AM, Wang Z, Arndt S, Andreasen NC, Crowe RR, Wassink TH. 2001. Population-based association analyses of the HOPA12bp polymorphism for schizophrenia and hypothyroidism. Am J Med Genet 105(1):130134.
  • Philibert RA, Bohle P, Secrest D, Deaderick J, Sandhu HK, Crowe RR, Black DW. 2007. The association of the HOPA (12bp) polymorphism with schizophrenia in the NIMH Genetics Initiative for Schizophrenia sample. Am J Med Genet Part B 144B(6):743747.
  • Piton A, Gauthier J, Hamdan FF, Lafreniere RG, Yang Y, Henrion E, Laurent S, Noreau A, Thibodeau P, Karemera L, et al. 2011. Systematic resequencing of X-chromosome synaptic genes in autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry 16(8):867880.
  • Pollack HM, Malzberg B, Fuller RG. 1939. Hereditary and environmental factors in the causation of manic-depressive psychoses and dememtia praecox. Utica, NY: State Hospitals Press.
  • Polymeropoulos MH, Coon H, Byerley W, Gershon ES, Crow TJ, Rubenstein J, Hoff M, Holik J, Smith AM, Shields G, et al. 1994. Search for a schizophrenia susceptibility locus on human chromosome 22. Am J Med Genet Part B 54:9399.
  • Porteous DJ, Evans KL, Millar JK, Pickard BS, Thomson PA, James R, MacGregor S, Wray NR, Visscher PM, Muir WJ, et al. 2003. Genetics of schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder: Strategies to identify candidate genes. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 68:383394.
  • Pulver AE, Liang KY. 1991. Estimating effects of proband characteristics on familial risk: II. The association between age at onset and familial risk in the Maryland schizophrenia sample. Genet Epidemiol 8(5):339350.
  • Pulver AE, Brown CH, Wolyniec P, McGrath J, Tam D, Adler L, Carpenter WT, Childs B. 1990. Schizophrenia: Age at onset, gender and familial risk. Acta Psychiatr Scand 82(5):344351.
  • Pulver AE, Karayiorgou M, Wolyneic P, Lasseter VK, Kasch L, Nestadt G, Antonarakis S, Housman D, Kazazian HH, Meyers D, et al. 1994. Sequential strategy to identify a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia on chromosome 22q12-q13.1: Part 1. Am J Med Genet Part B 54:3643.
  • Pulver AE, Lasseter VK, Kasch L, Wolyniec P, Nestadt G, Blouin JL, Kimberland M, Babb R, Vourlis S, Chen H, et al. 1995. Schizophrenia: A genome scan targets chromosomes 3p and 8p as potential sites of susceptibility genes. Am J Med Genet 60(3):252260.
  • Reed SC, Hartley C, Anderson VE, Phillips VP, Johnson NA. 1973. The psychoses: Family studies. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.
  • Reiss AL, Hagerman RJ, Vinogradov S, Abrams M, King RJ. 1988. Psychiatric disability in female carriers of the fragile X chromosome. Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:2530.
  • Rezaie R, Daly EM, Cutter WJ, Murphy DG, Robertson DM, DeLisi LE, Mackay CE, Barrick TR, Crow TJ, Roberts N. 2009. The influence of sex chromosome aneuploidy on brain asymmetry. Am J Med Genet Part B 150B(1):7485.
  • Risch N. 1991. A note on multiple testing procedures in linkage analysis. Am J Hum Genet 48:10581064.
  • Rosa A, Picchioni M, Kalidindi S, Loat C, Knight J, Toulopoulou T, Vonk R, van der Schot A, Nolen W, Kahn R, et al. 2008. Differential methylation of the X-chromosome is a possible source of discordance for bipolar disorder female monozygotic twins. Am J Med Genet Part B 147B(4):459462.
  • Rosanoff AJ, Handy LM, Plesset IR, Brush S. 1934. The etiology of so-called schizophrenic psychoses with special reference to their occurrence in twins. Am J Psychiatry 91(2):247286.
  • Rosenthal D. 1962. Familial concordance by sex with respect to schizophrenia. Psychol Bull 59(5):401421.
  • Roser P, Kawohl W. 2008. Turner syndrome and schizophrenia: A further hint for the role of the X-chromosome in the pathogenesis of schizophrenic disorders. World J Biol Psychiatry 11:14.
  • Roser P, Kawohl W. 2010. Turner syndrome and schizophrenia: A further hint for the role of the X-chromosome in the pathogenesis of schizophrenic disorders. World J Biol Psychiatry 11(2 Pt 2):239242.
  • Ross DE, Kirkpatrick B, Karkowski LM, Straub RE, MacLean CJ, O'Neill FA, Compton AD, Murphy B, Walsh D, Kendler KS. 2000. Sibling correlation of deficit syndrome in the Irish Study of High-Density Schizophrenia Families. Am J Psychiatry 157(7):10711076.
  • Samuels L. 1979. Sex differences in concordance rates for schizophrenia in twins. Schizophr Bull 5(1):810.
  • Sandhu HK, Sarkar M, Turner BM, Wassink T, Philibert RA. 2003. Polymorphism analysis of HOPA: A candidate for schizophrenia. Am J Med Genet Part B 123B(1):3338.
  • Schizophrenia Psychiatric Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) Consortium. 2011. Genome-wide association study identifies five new schizophrenia loci. Nat Genet 43(10):969976.
  • Schultz B. 1932. Zur erbpathologie der schizophrenie [On inherited pathology of schizophrenia]. Z Gesamte Neurol Psychiatr [J Neurol Psychiatry] 143:175293.
  • Schwab SG, Albus M, Hallmayer J, Honig S, Borrmann M, Lichtermann D, Ebstein RP, Ackenheil M, Lerer B, Risch N, et al. 1995. Evaluation of a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia on chromosome 6p by multipoint affected sib-pair linkage analysis. Nat Genet 11(3):325327.
  • Schwab SG, Hallmayer J, Albus M, Lerer B, Hanses C, Kanyas K, Segman R, Borrman M, Dreikorn B, Lichtermann D, et al. 1998. Further evidence for a susceptibility locus on chromosome 10p14-p11 in 72 families with schizophrenia by nonparametric linkage analysis. Am J Med Genet 81(4):302307.
  • Shi J, Levinson DF, Duan J, Sanders AR, Zheng Y, Pe'er I, Dudbridge F, Holmans PA, Whittemore AS, Mowry BJ, et al. 2009. Common variants on chromosome 6p22.1 are associated with schizophrenia. Nature 460(7256):753757.
  • Shifman S, Bronstein M, Sternfeld M, Pisante-Shalom A, Lev-Lehman E, Weizman A, Reznik I, Spivak B, Grisaru N, Karp L, et al. 2002. A highly significant association between a COMT haplotype and schizophrenia. Am J Hum Genet 71(6):12961302.
  • Shifman S, Johannesson M, Bronstein M, Chen SX, Collier DA, Craddock NJ, Kendler KS, Li T, O'Donovan M, O'Neill FA, et al. 2008. Genome-wide association identifies a common variant in the reelin gene that increases the risk of schizophrenia only in women. PLoS Genet 4(2):e28.
  • Shimizu A, Masayoshi K, Nariyoshi Y, Hosaku T, Kiminori I. 1987. Morbidity risk of schizophrenia to parents and siblings of schizophrenic patients. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 41(1):6570.
  • Slater E. 1958. The monogenic theory of schizophrenia. Acta Genet Stat Med 8:5056.
  • Stefansson H, Ophoff R, Steinberg S, Andreassen O, Cichon S, Rujescu D, Werge T, Pietiläinen O, Mors O, Mortensen P, et al. 2009. Common variants conferring risk of schizophrenia. Nature 460(7256):744747.
  • Steinberg S, Mors O, Borglum AD, Gustafsson O, Werge T, Mortensen PB, Andreassen OA, Sigurdsson E, Thorgeirsson TE, Bottcher Y, et al. 2011. Expanding the range of ZNF804A variants conferring risk of psychosis. Mol Psychiatry 16(1):5966.
  • Straub RE, MacLean CJ, O'Neill FA, Burke J, Murphy B, Duke F, Shinkwin R, Webb BT, Zhang J, Walsh D, et al. 1995. A potential vulnerability locus for schizophrenia on chromosome 6p24-22: Evidence for genetic heterogeneity. Nat Genet 11(3):287293.
  • Straub RE, MacLean CJ, Martin RB, Ma Y, Myakishev MV, Harris-Kerr C, Webb BT, O'Neill FA, Walsh D, Kendler KS. 1998. A schizophrenia locus may be located in region 10p15-p11. Am J Med Genet 81(4):296301.
  • Stromgren E. 1987. Changes in the incidence of schizophrenia? Br J Psychiatry 150:17.
  • Szatmari P, Jones MB, Zwaigenbaum L, MacLean JE. 1998. Genetics of autism: Overview and new directions. J Autism Dev Disord 28(5):351368.
  • Tan EC, Chong SA, Wang H, Chew-Ping Lim E, Teo YY. 2005. Gender-specific association of insertion/deletion polymorphisms in the nogo gene and chronic schizophrenia. Brain Res Mol Brain Res 139(2):212216.
  • Thomson PA, Wray NR, Thomson AM, Dunbar DR, Grassie MA, Condie A, Walker MT, Smith DJ, Pulford DJ, Muir W, et al. 2005. Sex-specific association between bipolar affective disorder in women and GPR50, an X-linked orphan G protein-coupled receptor. Mol Psychiatry 10(5):470478.
  • Tsuang MT. 1967. A study of pairs of siblings both hospitalized for mental disorder. Br J Psychiatry 13:283300.
  • Tsuang MT, Stone WS, Faraone SV. 1999. The genetics of schizophrenia. Curr Psychiatry Rep 1:2024.
  • Tsuang MT, Stone WS, Faraone SV. 2001. Genes, environment and schizophrenia. Br J Psychiatry 178(Suppl. 40):s18s24.
  • Vallada HP, Gill M, Sham P, Lim LC, Nanko S, Asherson P, Murray RM, McGuffin P, Owen M, Collier D. 1995. Linkage studies on chromosome 22 in familial schizophrenia. Am J Med Genet 60(2):139146.
  • van Rijn S, Aleman A, Swaab H, Kahn R. 2006. Klinefelter's syndrome (karyotype 47,XXY) and schizophrenia-spectrum pathology. Br J Psychiatry 189:459460.
  • Vogel HP. 1979. Fertility and sibship size in a psychiatric patient population. Acta Psychiatr Scand 60:483503.
  • Wang S, Sun CE, Walczak CA, Ziegle JS, Kipps BR, Goldin LR, Diehl SR. 1995. Evidence for a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia on chromosome 6pter-p22. Nat Genet 10(1):4146.
  • Wang KS, Liu X, Zhang Q, Aragam N, Pan Y. 2011. Genome-wide association analysis of age at onset in schizophrenia in a European-American sample. Am J Med Genet Part B 156B(6):671680.
  • Wei J, Hemmings G. 2006. A further study of a possible locus for schizophrenia on the X chromosome. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 344:12411245.
  • Weickert CS, Miranda-Angulo AL, Wong J, Perlman WR, Ward SE, Radhakrishna V, Straub RE, Weinberger DR, Kleinman JE. 2008. Variants in the estrogen receptor alpha gene and its mRNA contribute to risk for schizophrenia. Hum Mol Genet 17(15):22932309.
  • Weickert CS, Elashoff M, Richards AB, Sinclair D, Bahn S, Paabo S, Khaitovich P, Webster MJ. 2009. Transcriptome analysis of male-female differences in prefrontal cortical development. Mol Psychiatry 14(6):558561.
  • Wigg K, Feng Y, Gomez L, Kiss E, Kapornai K, Tamas Z, Mayer L, Baji I, Daroczi G, Nbenak I, et al. 2009. Genome scan in sibling pairs with juvenile-onset mood disorders: Evidence for linkage to 13q and Xq. Am J Med Genet Part B 150B(5):638646.
  • Wildenauer DB, Schwab SG, Albus M, Hallmayer J, Lerer B, Maier W, Blackwood D, Muir W, St Clair D, Morris S, et al. 1996. Additional support for schizophrenia linkage on chromosomes 6 and 8: A multicenter study. Am J Med Genet 67(6):580594.
  • Williams NM, Norton N, Williams H, Ekholm B, Hamshere ML, Lindblom Y, Chowdari KV, Cardno AG, Zammit S, Jones LA, et al. 2003. A systematic genomewide linkage study in 353 sib pairs with schizophrenia. Am J Hum Genet 73(6):13551367.
  • Wolyniec PS, Pulver AE, McGrath JA, Tam D. 1992. Schizophrenia: Gender and familial risk. J Psychiatry Res 26(1):1727.
  • Wyatt RJ, Alexander RC, Egan MF, Kirch DG. 1988. Schizophrenia, just the facts. What do we know, how well do we know it? Schizophr Res 1:318.
  • Xie C, Wang ZC, Liu XF, Wang L, Yang MS. 2011. Association between schizophrenia and single nucleotide polymorphisms in lipoprotein lipase gene in a Han Chinese population. Psychiatr Genet 21(6):307314.
  • Zandi P, Willour V, Huo Y, Chellis J, Potash J, MacKinnon D, Simpson S, McMahon F, Gershon E, Reich T, et al. 2003. Genome scan of a second wave of NIMH genetics initiative bipolar pedigrees: Chromosomes 2, 11, 13, 14, and X. Am J Med Genet Part B 119B(1):6976.
  • Zhang F, Chen Q, Ye T, Lipska BK, Straub RE, Vakkalanka R, Rujescu D, St Clair D, Hyde TM, Bigelow L, et al. 2011. Evidence of sex-modulated association of ZNF804A with schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry 69(10):914917.