Patterns of positional behavior in mixed-species troops of Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and Saguinus fuscicollis in northwestern Brazil
Article first published online: 19 APR 2001
Copyright © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Primatology
Volume 54, Issue 1, pages 17–31, May 2001
How to Cite
Garber, P.A. and Leigh, S.R. (2001), Patterns of positional behavior in mixed-species troops of Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and Saguinus fuscicollis in northwestern Brazil. Am. J. Primatol., 54: 17–31. doi: 10.1002/ajp.1009
- Issue published online: 19 APR 2001
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 FEB 2001
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUL 2000
- Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research
- Research Board of the University of Illinois
- Goeldi’s monkey;
- locomotor behavior;
We present the results of a 4-month field investigation of positional behavior, vertical ranging, and species differences in limb proportions and body mass in a mixed-species troop of Saguinus fuscicollis, Saguinus labiatus, and Callimico goeldii in northwestern Brazil. Despite certain similarities in overall positional repertoire, patterns of positional behavior varied significantly between species. Travel in Callimico occurred principally in the lowest levels of the canopy, and was characterized by an exaggerated form of hindlimb-dominated bounding (bounding-hop), and leaping to and from vertical trunks (55.1% of leaps). In contrast, saddle-back tamarins traveled in the lower and middle levels of the canopy, and engaged in a range of leaping behaviors, including stationary leaps (37.3%), acrobatic leaps (31.3%), and trunk-to-trunk leaps (20%). Red-bellied tamarins exploited the highest levels of the arboreal canopy. Travel in this species was dominated by quadrupedal bounding and acrobatic leaps (67% of leaps) that began and ended on thin, flexible supports. Species differences in positional behavior correlated with species differences in limb proportions and locomotor anatomy, and provide a framework for understanding niche partitioning in mixed-species troops of Saguinus and Callimico. Am. J. Primatol. 54:17–31, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.