• Rhesus monkey;
  • Macaca mulatta;
  • Strongyloides fuelleborni;
  • Anatrichosoma cynamolgi;
  • Trichuris trichiura;
  • Toxoplasma gondii


Three hundred and thirty seven Macaca mulatta from a population that had been isolated on a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico for 46 years were examined for parasites. Anatrichosoma cynamolgi (26%), Strongyloides fuelleborni (54%); Trichuris trichiura (23%); and Balantidium coli (2%) were detected. Toxoplasma antibodies were found in 10% of the sera examined. Milk was examined for Stronglyloides, and blood was examined for microfilariae and protozoa, but no parasites were found in these specimens. The animals in this colony harbored intestinal parasites but were in excellent physical condition, with a high reproductive rate and a low mortality rate. It is concluded that the presence of intestinal and tissue parasites has little measurable effect on the overall health of rhesus in this free-ranging environment.