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Keywords:

  • Mauritian macaques;
  • blood protein polymorphisms;
  • bottleneck effect;
  • genetic variability

Abstract

Protein polymorphisms of the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) on the island of Mauritius in the southwest Indian Ocean were examined electrophoretically for 201 blood samples. All of the variant types detected were those found previously in the Asian populations. Genetic variability of the island population was estimated to be Ppoly = 16% and H = 6.5%, which was lower than that of the Asian populations. A tendency that a small number of loci were highly polymorphic was observed. These results may reflect the establishment of the island population from a small number of introduced ancestors, or the existence of the bottleneck effect. For the origin of the Mauritian monkeys, comparison of electrophoretic variants suggested that they originated from the Malay Peninsula or the Greater Sunda Islands, especially from Java. Though the homozygous individuals exceeded in number as a whole, a significant subdivision was not detected in the population. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.