Acoustic structure of long calls in free-ranging groups of golden lion tarnarins, Leontopithecus rosalia

Authors

  • Monique Halloy,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Department of Psychology, 307 Austin Peay Building, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0900
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  • Devra G. Kleiman

    1. Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
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Abstract

Like many other callitrichids, golden lion tamarins, Leontopithecus rosalia, emit Long Calls. Recordings of four free-ranging groups were made to explore different types of Long Calls. Three Long Call types were identified acoustically, and analyzed sonographically. The calls usually started with an Introductory Syllable (a chirp, a trill, or a whine) which was followed by either one, two, or three different phrases in a fixed sequential order. Each of the three phrases was unique and contained a typical number of syllables of characteristic shape, frequencies, and durations. Possible functions of these calls are discussed. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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