Prometaphase lymphocyte chromosomes from eight adult argentinian Alouatta caraya females were characterized using sequential G-C banding techniques, Ag-NOR bands and bands obtained with the restriction enzymes Hae III, Eco RI, Alu I and Sau 3A.
The cytogenetic analysis showed 2n = 52, with four, five, or six NOR chromosomes. Digestion with Hae III and Eco RI produced G-like-bands. Centromere regions and two interstitial C-bands (in chromosomes number 16 and 21) showed intraindividual or interindividual heterochromatic polymorphisms. Alu I digestion produced C-like bands with gaps in the centromere regions, and Sau 3A produced C-like bands. The karyotypes and banding patterns of A. caraya, A. palliata, A. belzebul, and A. seniculus are compared, based on whole chromosome and whole arm homeologies. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.