We dedicate this paper to the memory of Pekka Soini, who died on 8 August 2004.
Demographic parameters and events in wild moustached Tamarins (Saguinus mystax)†
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2004
© 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Primatology
Volume 64, Issue 4, pages 425–449, December 2004
How to Cite
Löttker, P., Huck, M. and Heymann, E. W. (2004), Demographic parameters and events in wild moustached Tamarins (Saguinus mystax). Am. J. Primatol., 64: 425–449. doi: 10.1002/ajp.20090
- Issue published online: 3 DEC 2004
- Article first published online: 3 DEC 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 JUL 2004
- Manuscript Revised: 22 JUN 2004
- Manuscript Received: 11 MAR 2004
- DFG. Grant Number: HE 1870/10-1,2
- moustached tamarin;
- Saguinus mystax;
This paper examines demographic events in the context of population structure and genetic relationships in groups of wild moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax). We used a combination of long-term behavioral observations and genetic data from a total of eight groups from a population in northeastern Peruvian Amazonia. The mean group size was 6.0 (range=4–9), including 2.5 adult males and 1.8 adult females. Within-group relatedness was generally high (r=0.3), and most nonbreeding individuals were either natal or closely related to the respective same-sex breeder. The mean annual persistence of adults in the groups was 70% and 68% for males and females, respectively, and the reproductive tenure of one breeding pair lasted for at least 6 years. Migrations predominantly occurred after stability-disrupting events such as the immigration of new individuals and/or the loss of breeding individuals, or when groups were rather large. Migrations of both breeding and nonbreeding males and females occurred. Our results show that the hypothesis of Ferrari and Lopes Ferrari [Folia Primatologica 52:132–147, 1989] that tamarins live in smaller and less stable groups with lower relatedness compared to marmosets does not generally hold true. In contrast, we found that tamarin groups can consist of predominantly related individuals, and are stable as well. It is also apparent that a single demographic event can produce a chain of subsequent complex demographic changes. Am. J. Primatol. 64:425–449, 2004. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.