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Keywords:

  • color-vision polymorphism;
  • color phenotypes;
  • callitrichids;
  • Munsell color system

Abstract

Here we demonstrate differences in the relative performance of 15 callitrichids tested in a series of color visual discrimination experiments. Munsell color chips were chosen as stimuli based on their use in earlier experiments with human dichromats. We show behavioral evidence for the existence of four distinct kinds of color-vision phenotypes, each of which has slightly different color discrimination abilities. The different phenotypes may offer different advantages. The data are in accordance with the existence of a visual polymorphism in callitrichids. Am. J. Primatol. 67:487–495, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.