Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article.
Reactions of Bili-Uele Chimpanzees to Humans in Relation to Their Distance From Roads and Villages
Version of Record online: 1 MAY 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Primatology
Volume 74, Issue 8, pages 721–733, August 2012
How to Cite
HICKS, T. C., ROESSINGH, P. and MENKEN, S. B. J. (2012), Reactions of Bili-Uele Chimpanzees to Humans in Relation to Their Distance From Roads and Villages. Am. J. Primatol., 74: 721–733. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22023
Contract grant sponsor: Wasmoeth Wildlife Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: Lucie Burgers Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology; Contract grant sponsor: The International Primate Protection League.
- Issue online: 2 JUL 2012
- Version of Record online: 1 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 27 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 SEP 2011
- Wasmoeth Wildlife Foundation
- Lucie Burgers Foundation
- The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
- The International Primate Protection League
Disclaimer: Supplementary materials have been peer-reviewed but not copyedited.
Table S1. Dates and geographical location of chimpanzee surveys and days spent in each forest region, and chimpanzee contact rate per forest region
Table S2. Human evidence per kilometer walked by study region [see Hicks et al., submitted and Hicks 2010 for more details]
Table S3. Box-plots of minutes of contact time split by forest region, for (A) individual chimpanzees and (B) chimpanzee groups
Table S4. Box-plots of the individual contact durations (minute) by age/sex class (AF = adult females, AM = adult males, AU = adults unknown, JF = juvenile females, JU = juveniles unknown, SM = subadult males, SU = subadults unknown, UU = unknown)
Table S5. First reaction to observers (%) by category of apes (N = 196)
Table S6. Total reactions per contact (%) by category of apes, N = 196
Table S7. Chimpanzee contact types by forest region (%). Data are entire contacts categorized as naïve, ignore, nervous, immediate departure, intimidation, or undetermined (based on the majority of reactions shown by the chimpanzees). At Bili, for the seven contacts in which the chimpanzees reacted in equal numbers with two different behaviors, the two categories of behavior each received a score of 0.5. Contact types are from Morgan and Sanz 
Table S8. A comparison of contact-types and encounter rates of human evidence found in the different study regions.
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