Contract grant sponsor: Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation.
Infant-Directed Communication in Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla): Do Older Animals Scaffold Communicative Competence in Infants?
Version of Record online: 29 MAY 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Primatology
Volume 74, Issue 9, pages 841–852, September 2012
How to Cite
LUEF, E. M. and LIEBAL, K. (2012), Infant-Directed Communication in Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla): Do Older Animals Scaffold Communicative Competence in Infants?. Am. J. Primatol., 74: 841–852. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22039
- Issue online: 17 JUL 2012
- Version of Record online: 29 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 APR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 12 APR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 18 OCT 2011
- Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation
- communication development;
- infant-directed communication;
Infant-directed speech is a linguistic phenomenon in which adults adapt their language when addressing infants in order to provide them with more salient linguistic information and aid them in language acquisition. Adult-directed language differs from infant-directed language in various aspects, including speech acoustics, syntax, and semantics. The existence of a “gestural motherese” in interaction with infants, demonstrates that not only spoken language but also nonvocal modes of communication can become adapted when infants are recipients. Rhesus macaques are so far the only nonhuman primates where a similar phenomenon to “motherese” has been discovered: the acoustic spectrum of a particular vocalization of adult females may be altered when the addressees are infants. The present paper describes how gorillas adjust their communicative strategies when directing intentional, nonvocal play signals at infants in the sense of a “nonvocal motherese.” Animals of ages above infancy use a higher rate of repetitions and sequences of the tactile sensory modality when negotiating play with infants. This indicates that gorillas employ a strategy of infant-specific communication. Am. J. Primatol. 74:841-852, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.