Get access

Local knowledge and perceptions of chimpanzees in Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau

Authors

  • Joana Sousa,

    1. Departamento de Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
    2. Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    3. Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment & Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
    4. Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), Lisbon, Portugal
    5. Centre for Research in Anthropology (CRIA), Lisbon, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Luís Vicente,

    1. Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    2. Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), Lisbon, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Spartaco Gippoliti,

    1. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Catarina Casanova,

    1. Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), Lisbon, Portugal
    2. CAPP, School of Social and Political Sciences, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
    3. Unidade de Antropologia, Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas (ISCSP) da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Cláudia Sousa

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
    2. Centre for Research in Anthropology (CRIA), Lisbon, Portugal
    • Correspondence to: Cláudia Sousa, Departamento de Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. Berna, 26-C 1069-061 Lisboa, Portugal. E-mail: csousa@fcsh.unl.pt

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Our study concerns local knowledge and perceptions of chimpanzees among farming communities within Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. We submitted a survey questionnaire to 100 people living in four villages in the Park to enquire about their knowledge of chimpanzee ecology and human–chimpanzee interactions. Local farmers live in close contact with chimpanzees, consider them to be more similar to humans than any other species, and attribute special importance to them primarily due to expectations of tourism revenue. Interviewees' responses, as a function of gender, village, and age, were analyzed statistically using non-parametric tests (Mann–Whitney and Kruskal–Wallis). Age influenced responses significantly, while gender and village had no significant effect. Youngsters emphasized morphological aspects of human–chimpanzee similarities, while adults emphasized chimpanzee behavior and narratives about the shared history of humans and chimpanzees. Tourism, conservation, and crop raiding feature prominently in people's reports about chimpanzees. Local people's engagement with conservation and tourism-related activities is likely to allow them to manage not only the costs but also the benefits of conservation, and can in turn inform the expectations built upon tourism. Am. J. Primatol. 76:122–134, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary