A method for visual determination of sex, using the human hip bone
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2002
Copyright © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 117, Issue 2, pages 157–168, February 2002
How to Cite
Bruzek, J. (2002), A method for visual determination of sex, using the human hip bone. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 117: 157–168. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10012
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 17 JAN 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 AUG 2001
- Manuscript Received: 2 SEP 1997
- human pelvis;
- sex determination;
- morphological traits;
A new visual method for the determination of sex using the human hip bone (os coxae) is proposed, based on a revision of several previous approaches which scored isolated characters of this bone. The efficacy of the methodology is tested on a sample of 402 adults of known sex and age of French and Portuguese origins. With the simultaneous use of five characters of the hip bone, it is possible to provide a correct sexual diagnosis in 95% of all cases, with an error of 2% and an inability to identify sex in only 3%. The advantage of this new method is a reduction in observer subjectivity, since the evaluation procedure cannot involve any anticipation of the result. In addition, this method of sex determination increases the probability of a correct diagnosis with isolated fragments of the hip bone, provided that a combination of elements of one character is found to be typically male or female. Am J Phys Anthropol 117:157–168, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.