SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Alberts SC, Altmann J. 2001. Immigration and hybridization patterns of yellow and anubis baboons in and around Amboseli, Kenya. Am J Primatol 53: 139154.
  • Albrecht GH. 1977. Craniofacial morphology of the Sulawesi macaques. Basel: S. Karger, AG.
  • Arntzen JW, Wallis GP. 1991. Restricted gene-flow in a moving hybrid zone of the newts Triturus cristatus and T. marmoratus in western France. Evolution 45: 805826.
  • Asfaw B, White TD, Lovejoy O, Latimer B, Simpson S, Suwa G. 1999. Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. Science 284: 629635.
  • Avise JC. 1994. Molecular markers, natural history and evolution. London: Chapman and Hall.
  • Barton NH. 2001. Speciation. Trends Ecol Evol 16: 325.
  • Barton NH, Hewitt GM. 1985. Analysis of hybrid zones. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 16: 113148.
  • Barton NH, Hewitt GM. 1989. Adaptation, speciation and hybrid zones. Nature 341: 497503.
  • Benefit BR. 2000. Old World monkey origins and diversification: an evolutionary study of diet and dentition. In: WhiteheadPF, JollyCJ, editors. Old World monkeys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 133179.
  • Bernstein IS. 1966. Naturally occurring primate hybrid. Science 154: 15591560.
  • Bernstein IS. 1968. Social status of two hybrids in a wild troop of Macaca irus. Folia Primatol (Basel) 8: 121131.
  • BromageTG, SchrenkF, editors. 1999. African biogeography, climate change, and human evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Brunet M, Beauvilain A, Coppens Y, Heintz E, Moutaye AHE, Pilbeam D. 1995. The first australopithecine 2,500 kilometers west of the Rift Valley (Chad). Nature 378: 273275.
  • Bynum EL, Bynum DZ, Froehlich JW, Supriatna J. 1997. Revised geographic ranges and hybridization in Macaca tonkeana and Macaca hecki. Trop Biodivers 4: 275283.
  • Carr SM, Ballinger SW, Derr JN, Blankenship LH, Bickham JW. 1986. Mitochondrial DNA analysis of hybridization between sympatric whitetailed and mule deer in West Texas. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 83: 95769580.
  • Cartmill M. 1994. A critique of homology as a morphological concept. Am J Phys Anthropol 94: 115123.
  • Churchill SE, Smith FH. 2000. Makers of the Early Aurignacian of Europe. Yrbk Phys Anthropol 43: 61115.
  • Collard M, Aiello LC. 2000. From forelimbs to two legs. Nature 404: 339340.
  • Collard M, Wood B. 2000. How relaible are human phylogenetic hypotheses? Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 50035006.
  • Cronin JE, Sarich VM. 1976. Molecular evidence for dual origin of mangabeys among Old World monkeys. Nature 260: 700702.
  • Crook JH, Aldrich-Blake P. 1968. Ecological and behavioural contrast between sympatric ground dwelling primates in Ethiopia. Folia primatol. 8: 192227.
  • Darwin CD. 1871. The descent of man. London: Charles Murray (3rd ed, 1877).
  • De Heinzelin J, Clark JD, White T, Hart W, Renne P, WoldeGabriel G, Beyene Y, Vrba E. 1999. Environment and behavior of 2.5-million-year-old Bouri hominids. Science 284: 625629.
  • Delson E. 1993. The fossils from Africa and India and the taxonomy of the genus. In: JablonskiNG, editor. Theropithecus: rise and fall of a primate genus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 157190.
  • Disotell TR. 1996. The phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Evol Anthropol 5: 1824.
  • Disotell TR. 1999. Origins of modern humans still look recent. Curr Biol 9: 647650.
  • Disotell TR. 2000. Molecular systematics of the Cercopithecidae. In: WhiteheadPF, JollyCJ, editors. Old World monkeys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 2956.
  • Duarte C, Mauricio J, Pettitt PB, Souto P, Trinkaus E, van der Plicht H, Zilhao J. 1999. The early Upper Paleolithic human skeleton from the Abrigo do Lagar Velho (Portugal) and modern human emergence in Iberia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 76047609.
  • Dunbar RIM, Dunbar P. 1974. On hybridization between Theropithecus gelada and Papio anubis in the wild. J Hum Evol 3: 187192.
  • Dutrillaux B. 1980. Chromosomal evolution of the great apes and man. J Reprod Fertil [Suppl] 2.
  • Dutrillaux B, Couturier J, Muleris M, Lombard M, Chauvier G. 1982. Chromosomal phylogeny of forty-two species or subspecies of Cercopithecoids (Primates, Catarrhini). Ann Genet 25: 96109.
  • Evans BJ, Morales JC, Supriatna J, Melnick DJ. 1999. Origin of the Sulawesi macaques (Cercopithecidae: Macaca) as suggested by mitochondrial DNA phylogeny. Biol J Linn Soc 66: 539560.
  • Fleagle JG, McGraw WS. 1999. Skeletal and dental morphology supports diphyletic origin of baboons and mandrills. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 11571161.
  • Fooden J. 1963. Rhesus and crab-eating macaques: intergradation in Thailand. Science 143: 363365.
  • Fooden J. 1976. Provisional classification and key to living species of macaques (Primates: Macaca). Folia Primatol (Basel) 25: 225236.
  • Fooden J. 1980. Classification and distribution of living macaques (Macaca lacepede, 1799). In: LindburgDG, editor. The macaques: studies in ecology, behavior and evolution. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. p 19.
  • Gee H. 1999. Hybrid camel bridges 11 million years. Nature Science Update, 990506: 1.
  • Goodall J. 1986. The chimpanzees of Gombe: patterns of behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Goodman SJ, Barton NH, Swanson G, Abernethy K, Pemberton JM. 1999. Introgression through rare hybridization: a genetic study of a hybrid zone between red and sika deer (genus Cervus) in Argyll, Scotland. Genetics 152: 355371.
  • Gray AP. 1954 Mammalian hybrids: a check-list with bibliography. Farnham Royal: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
  • GrineFE, editor. 1988. Evolutionary history of the “robust” australopithecines. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • Grine FE, Kay RF. 1988. Early hominid diets from quantitative image analysis of dental microwear. Nature 333: 765768.
  • Groves CP. 1978. Phylogenetic and population systematics of the mangabeys (Primates: Cercopithecoidea). Primates 19: l34.
  • Groves CP. 2001. Primate taxonomy.
  • Grubb P. 1999. Evolutionary processes implicit in distribution patterns of modern African mammals. In: BromageTG, SchrenkF, editors. African biogeography, climate change, and human evolution. New York: Oxford University Press. p 150164.
  • Gundling T, Hill A. 2000. Geological context of fossil Cercopithecoidea from eastern Africa. In: WhiteheadPF, JollyCJ, editors. Old World monkeys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 180213.
  • Haile-Selassie Y. 2001. Late Miocene hominids from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature 412: 178181.
  • Harpending HC, Batzer MA, Gurven M, Jorde LB, Rogers AR, Sherry ST. 1998. Genetic traces of ancient demography. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95: 11611167.
  • Harris EE, Disotell TR. 1998. Nuclear gene trees and the phylogeny of mangabeys (Primates: Papionini). Mol Biol Evol 15: 892900.
  • Harrison RG. 1993. Hybrid zones and the evolutionary process. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Haszpruner G. 1998. Parsimony analysis as a specific kind of homology estimation and the implications for character weighting. Mol Phylogenet Evol 9: 333339.
  • Hawks J, Wolpoff MH. 2001. Paleoanthropology and the population genetics of ancient genes. Am J Phys Anthropol 114: 269272.
  • Hawks J, Hunley K, Lee S-H, Wolpoff M. 2000. Population bottlenecks and Pleistocene human evolution. Mol Biol Evol 17: 222.
  • Hewitt GM. 1996. Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and speciation. Biol J Linn Soc 58: 247276.
  • Hewitt GM. 1999. Post-glacial recolonization of European biota. Biol J Linn Soc 68: 87112.
  • Hewitt GM. 2001. Speciation, hybrid zones and phylogeography—or seeing genes in space and time. Mol Ecol 10: 537549.
  • Hewitt-Emmett D, Cook CN, Barnicot NA. 1976. Old World monkey hemoglobins: deciphering phylogeny from complex patterns of molecular evolution. In: GoodmanM, TashianRE, editors. Molecular anthropology. New York: Plenum. p 257275.
  • Hey J. 2001. The mind of the species problem. Trends Ecol Evol 16: 326329.
  • Hill WCO. 1970. Primates: comparative anatomy and taxonomy: a monograph. Volume VIII: Cynopithecinae: Papio, Mandrillus, Theropithecus. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press. 982 p.
  • Hoelzer GA, Hoelzer MA, Melnick DJ. 1993. The evolutionary history of the sinica group of macaque monkeys as revealed by mtDNA restriction site analysis. Mol Phylogenet Evol 1: 215222.
  • Hoss M. 2000. Neanderthal population genetics. Nature 404: 453454.
  • Hunt KD. 1994. The evolution of human bipedality: ecology and functional morphology. J Hum Evol 26: 183202.
  • Huxley JS. 1932. Problems of relative growth. New York: Dial Press.
  • JablonskiNG, editor. 1993. Theropithecus: rise and fall of a primate genus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Jauch A, Wienberg J, Stanyon R, Arnold N, Tofanelli S, Ishida T, Cremer T. 1992. Reconstruction of genomic rearrangements in great apes and gibbons by chromosome painting. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 86118615.
  • Jolly CJ. 1966. Introduction to the Cercopithecoidea, with notes on their use as laboratory animals. Symp Zool Soc Lond 17: 427457.
  • Jolly CJ. 1965. The origins and specialisations of the long-faced Cercopithecoidea. Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
  • Jolly CJ. 1967. The evolution of the baboons. In: VagtborgH, editor. The baboon in medical research, volume 2. Austin: University of Texas Press. p 2350
  • Jolly CJ. 1970a. The seed-eaters: a new model of hominid differentiation based on a baboon analogy. Man 5: 126.
  • Jolly CJ. 1970b. The large African monkeys as an adaptive array. In: NapierJ, NapierP, editors. Old World monkeys—evolution, systematics, and behavior. New York: Academic Press. p 227262.
  • Jolly CJ. 1972a. The classification and natural history of Theropithecus (Simopithecus) (Andrews, 1916), baboons of the African Plio-Pleistocene. Bull Br Mus Nat Hist (Geol) 22: 1123.
  • Jolly CJ. 1972b. Changing views of hominid origins Yrbk Phys Anthropol 16: 117.
  • Jolly CJ. 1993. Species, subspecies, and baboon systematics. In: KimbelWH, MartinLB, editors. Species, species concepts, and primate evolution. New York: Plenum Press. p 67107.
  • Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy JE. 2001. Testicular size, mating system, and maturation schedules in wild anubis and hamadryas baboons. Int J Primatol (in press).
  • Jolly CJ, Plog F. 1987. Physial anthropology and archeology, 3rd ed. New York: Random House.
  • Jolly CJ, Woolley-Barker T, Beyene S, Disotell TR Phillips-Conroy JE. 1997. Intergeneric hybrid baboons. Int J Primatol 18: 597627.
  • Kalb JE, Jolly CJ, Tebedge S, Mebrate A, Smart C, Oswald EB, Whitehead PF, Wood CB, Adefris T, Rawn-Schatzinger V. 1982. Vertebrate faunas from the Awash Group, Middle Awash Valley, Afar, Ethiopia. J Vertebr Paleontol 2: 237258.
  • Kaplan JR, Phillips-Conroy J, Fontenot MB, Jolly CJ, Fairbanks LA, Mann JJ. 1999. Cerebrospinal fluid monoaminergic metabolites differ in wild anubis and hybrid (anubis/hamadryas) baboons: possible relationships to life history and behavior. Neuropsychopharmacology 20: 517524.
  • Kingdon J. 1997. The Kingdon field guide to African mammals. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Kluge A. 1989. A concern for evidence and a phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among Epicrates (Boidae, Serpentes). Syst Zool 38: 1725.
  • Krings M, Stone A., Schmitz RW, Krainitzki H, Stoneking M, Paabo S. 1997. Neandertal DNA sequences and the origin of modern humans. Cell 90: 1930.
  • Kummer H. 1968. Social organization of hamadryas baboons. Chicago: Aldine.
  • Kurtén B. 1978. Dance of the tiger: a novel of the Ice Age.
  • Leakey LSB, Whitworth T. 1958. Notes on the genus Simopithecus with description of a new species from Olduvai Occ. Pap Coryndon Mem Mus 6: 114.
  • Leakey MG, Feibel CS, McDougall I, Walker AC. 1995. New four-million-year-old hominid species from Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Kenya. Nature 376: 565571.
  • Leakey MG, Spoor F, Brown FH, Gathogo PN, Kiarie C, Leakey LN, McDougall I. 2001. New hominin genus from eastern Africa shows diverse middle Pliocene lineages. Nature 410: 433440.
  • Lee-Thorp JA, van der Merwe NJ. 1993. Stable carbon isotope studies of Swartkrans fossils. In: BrainCK, editor. Swartkrans. A cave's chronicle of early man. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum. p 251256.
  • Le Gros Clark WE. 1955. The fossil evidence for human evolution. Chicago.
  • Lehman N, Eisenhawer A, Hansen K, Mech LD, Peterson RO, Gogan PJP, Wayne RK. 1991. Introgression of coyote mitochondrial DNA into sympatric North American gray wolf populations. Evolution 45: 104119.
  • Lockwood CA, Fleagle JG. 1999. The recognition and evaluation of homoplasy in primate and human evolution Yrbk Phys Anthropol 42: 189232.
  • Maples WR, McKern TW. 1967. A preliminary report on classification of the Kenya baboon. In: VagtborgH, editor. The baboon in medical research, volume 2. San Antonio: University of Texas Press. p 1322.
  • Markarjan DS, Isakov EP, Kondakov GI. 1974. Intergeneric hybrids of the lower (42chromosomal) monkey species of the Sukhumi Monkey Colony. J Hum Evol 3: 247255.
  • Martin RD. 1993. Allometric aspects of skull morphology in Theropithecus. In: JablonskiNG, editor. Theropithecus: rise and fall of a primate genus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 273298.
  • McCollum MA. 1999. The robust australopithecine face: a morphogenetic perspective. Science 284: 301305.
  • Melnick DJ, Hoelzer GA. 1992. Differences in male and female macaque dispersal lead to contrasting distributions of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA variation. Int J Primatol 13: 379393.
  • Moore CM, Jaquish C, Eddy CA, Hubbard GB, Leland MM, Rogers J. 1999. Cytogenetic and fertility studies of a rheboon, rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) × baboon (Papio hamadryas) cross: further support for a single karyotype nomenclature. Am J Phys Anthropol 110: 119127.
  • Napier JR. 1980. Hands. London: Allen & Unwin.
  • Newman TK, Jolly CJ, Rogers J. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation among baboons (Papio hamadryas): phylogenetic and phylogeographic analysis (submitted).
  • Nickerson E, Nelson DL. 1998. Molecular definition of pericentric inversion breakpoints occurring during the evolution of humans and chimpanzees. Genomics 50: 368372.
  • Nystrom PD. 1992. Mating success of hamadryas, anubis and hybrid male baboons in a “mixed” social group in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia. Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University.
  • O'Neill RJW, Eldridge MDB, Graves JAM. 2001. Chromosome heterozygosity and de novo chromosome rearrangements in mammalain interspecies hybrids. Mammalian Genome 12: 256259.
  • Ovchinnikov IV, Gotherstrom A, Romanova GP, Kharitonov VM, Linden K, Goodwin W. 2000. Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature 404: 490493.
  • Parham P, Arnett KL, Adams EJ, Barber LD, Domena JD, Stewart D, Hildebrand WH, Little AM. 1994. The HLA-B73 antigen has a most unusual structure that defines a second lineage of HLA-B alleles. Tissue Antigens 43: 302313.
  • Peters CH. 1982. Nut-like oil seeds: food for monkeys, apes, and probably ape-men. Am J Phys Anthropol 57: 283301.
  • Phillips-Conroy JE. 1978. Dental variability in Ethiopian baboons: an examination of the anubis hamadryas hybrid zone in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia. Ph.D. thesis, New York University.
  • Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ, Nystrom P, Hemmalin HA. 1992. Migration of male hamadryas baboons into anubis groups in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia. Int J Primatol 13: 455476.
  • Rieseberg LH. 2001. Chromosomal rearrangements and speciation Trends Ecol Evol 16: 351358.
  • Rosas A. 2001. Occurrence of Neanderthal features in mandibles from the Atapuerca-SH site. Am J Phys Anthropol 114: 7491.
  • Ruvolo M, Disotell TR, Allard MW, Brown WM, Honeycutt RL. 1991. Resolution of the African hominoid trichotomy by use of a mitochondrial gene sequence. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88: 15701574.
  • Saino N, Lorenzini R, Fusco G, Randi E. 1992. Genetic variability in a hybrid zone between carrion and hooded crows (Corvus corone corone and C. c. cornix Passeriformes, Aves) in northwestern Italy. Biochem Syst Ecol 20: 605613.
  • Samuels A, Altmann J. 1986. Immigration of a Papio anubis male into a group of cynocephalus baboons and evidence for an anubis-cynocephalus hybrid zone in Amboseli, Kenya. Int J Primatol 7: 131138.
  • Schaller GB, Lowther GR. 1969. The relevance of social carnivore behavior to the study of early hominids. Southwest J Anthropol 25: 307341.
  • Schluter D. 2001. Ecology and the origin of species. Trends Ecol Evol 16: 372380.
  • Schluter D, Nagel LM. 1995. Parallel speciation by natural selection. Am Nat 146: 292301.
  • Searle JB. 1998. Speciation, chromosomes and genomes Genome Res 8: 13.
  • Skelton RR, McHenry HM. 1992. Evolutionary relationships among early hominids. J Hum Evol 23: 309349.
  • SpencerF, editor. 1982. A history of American physical anthropology, 1930–1980. New York: Academic Press.
  • Spenser LM. 1997. Dietary adaptations of Plio-Pleistocene Bovidae: implications for hominid habitat use. J Hum Evol 32: 201228.
  • Strait DS. 2001. Integration, phylogeny, and the hominid cranial base. Am J Phys Anthropol 114: 273297.
  • Strait DS, Grine FE, Moniz MA. 1997. A reappraisal of early hominid phylogeny. J Hum Evol 32: 1782.
  • Strasser E, Delson E. 1987. Cladistic analysis of cercopithecid relationships. J Hum Evol 16: 8l99.
  • Struhsaker TT, Butynski TM, Lwanga JS. 1988. Hybridization between redtail (Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti) and blue (C. mitis stuhlmanni) monkeys in the Kibale Forest, Uganda. In: Gautier HionA, BourlièreF, GautierJP, editors. A primate radiation: evolutionary biology of the African guenons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Sugawara K. 1979. Sociological study of a wild group of hybrid baboons between Papio anubis and Papio hamadryas in the Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Primates 20: 2156.
  • Swisher CC III, Rink WJ, Antón SC, Schwarcz HP, Curtis GH, Suprijo H, Widiasmoro. 1996. Latest Homo erectus of Java: potential contemporaneity with Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia. Science 274: 18701874.
  • Tattersall I. 1993. Speciation and morphological differentiation in the genus Lemur. In: KimbelW, MartinL, editors. Species, species concepts, and primate evolution. New York: Wiley.
  • Tattersall I, Eldredge N. 1977. Fact, theory and fantasy in human evolution Am Sci 65: 204211.
  • Taylor EB, McPhail JD. 1999. Evolutionary history of an adaptive radiation in species pairs of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus): insights from mitochondrial DNA. Biol J Linn Soc 66: 271291.
  • Tchernov E. 1989. The Middle Paleolithic mammalian sequence and its bearing on the origin of Homo sapiens in the Southern Levant. In: BarYosefO, VandermeerschB, editors. Investigations in South Levantine prehistory. Préhistoire du Sud-Levant. BAR Int Ser 497: 2542.
  • Teaford MF, Ungar PS. 2000. Diet and the evolution of the earliest human ancestors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 1350613511.
  • Templeton AR. 1989. The meaning of species and speciation: a genetic perspective. In: OtteD, EndlerJ, editors. Speciation and its consequences. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
  • Templeton AR. 1998. Nested clade analyses of phylogeographic data and testing hypotheses about gene flow and population history. Mol Ecol 7: 381397.
  • Thorington RW, Groves CP. 1970. An annotated classification of the Cercopithecoidea. In: NapierJR, NapierP, editors. The Old World monkeys. New York: Academic Press. p 629647.
  • Tosi AJ, Morales JC, Melnick DJ. 2000. Comparison of Y-chromosome and mtDNA phylogenies leads to unque inferences of macaque evolutionary history. Mol Phylogenet Evol 17: 133144.
  • Trinkaus E. 1991. Les hommes fossiles de la Grotte de Shanidar, Irak: evolution et continuité parmi les hommes archaiques tardifs du Proche-Orient. Anthropologie 95: 535572.
  • Trinkaus E. 1993. Variability in the position of the mandibular mental foramen and the identification of Neandertal apomorphies. Riv Antropol 71: 259274.
  • Turelli M, Barton NH, Coyne JA. 2001. Theory and speciation. Trends Ecol Evol 16: 330343.
  • Van Tuinen P, Mootnick AR, Kingswood SC, Hale DW, Kuamoto AT. 1999. Complex, compound inversion/translocation polymorphism in an ape: presumptive intermediate stage in the karyotypic evolution of the agile gibbon Hylobates agilis. Am J Phys Anthropol 110: 129142.
  • Walker AC. 1981. Dietary hypotheses and human evolution. Philos Trans R Soc Lond [Biol] 292: 5764.
  • Weiss KM, Buchanan A. 2000. Rediscovering Darwin after a Darwinian century. Evol Anthropol.
  • Weiss KM. 1994. A toe, a tooth, and a vertebra: the genetic dimensions of complex morphological traits Evol Anthropol 2: 121137.
  • White TD, Suwa G, Asfaw B. 1994. Australopithecus ramidus, a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia. Nature 371: 306312.
  • Wildman D. 2000. Ph.D. dissertation, New York University.
  • Williams-Blangero S, Vanderberg J, Blangero J, Konigsberg L, Dyke B. 1990. Genetic differentiation between baboon subspecies: relevance for biomedical research. Am J Primatol 20: 6781.
  • Wolpoff MH. 1973. Posterior tooth size, body size, and diet in South African gracile australopithecines. Am J Phys Anthropol. 39: 375394.
  • Wolpoff MH. 1999. Paleoanthropology, 2nd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
  • Wolpoff MH, Thorne AG, Jelinek J, Zhang Y. 1993. The case for sinking Homo erectus: 100 years of Pithecanthropus is enough! Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckberg 171: 772773.
  • Wolpoff MH, Hawks J, Caspari R. 2000. Multiregional, not multiple origins. Am J Phys Anthropol 112: 129136.
  • Wood BA, Brooks A. 1999. We are what we ate. Nature 400: 219220.
  • Wood BA, Collard M. 1999. The genus Homo. Science 284: 6571.
  • Wrangham RW, Peterson D. 1996. Demonic males: apes and the origins of human violence. New York: Mariner Books.
  • Zinner D, Hapke A. 2000. Ecological comparisons of primates in Eritrea. Poster, at www.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de.