Brief communication: Study of noncarious cervical tooth lesions in samples of prehistoric, historic, and modern populations from the South of France
Article first published online: 21 FEB 2003
Copyright © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 121, Issue 1, pages 10–14, April 2003
How to Cite
Aubry, M., Mafart, B., Donat, B. and Brau, J.J. (2003), Brief communication: Study of noncarious cervical tooth lesions in samples of prehistoric, historic, and modern populations from the South of France. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 121: 10–14. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10210
- Issue published online: 2 APR 2003
- Article first published online: 21 FEB 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 JUL 2002
- Manuscript Received: 12 DEC 2000
- dental anthropology;
- cervical area;
- tooth flexure;
- tooth wear
Noncarious tooth lesions (NCTL) are frequent findings in contemporary dental practices. Unlike other dental and periodontal diseases, NCTL have not been studied in an anthropological context. The purpose of the present study was to compare the prevalence of NCTL in three archaeological samples from the Copper Age and Middle Ages and in subjects examined in three dental practices. Both archaeological samples and dental-practice subjects were from southern France. In the archaeological sample group, no NCTL were detected in 3,927 teeth from 259 individuals. In the dental-practice group, prevalence rates were in agreement with current epidemiological data. Our data also suggest that prevalence of NCTL increases with age and is higher in females. Premolars were the most affected tooth type. Occurrence of NCTL has long been attributed to toothbrushing and to erosion by intrinsic and extrinsic acids. More recently, occlusal stress associated with tooth flexure has been implicated. The reasons underlying the total absence of NCTL in archaeological samples are discussed. The most likely explanations involve differences in lifestyle, diet, and dental condition. Am J Phys Anthropol 121:000–000, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.