SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature Cited

  • Arnhold R (1969) The arm circumference as a public health index of protein–calorie malnutrition of early childhood XVII. The Quac stick: A field measure used by the Quaker Service Team in Nigeria. J. Trop. Pediat. 15: 243247.
  • Ashwell M, and Garrow JS (1973) Full and empty fat cells. Lancet 2: 10361037.
  • Åstrand, I (1960) Aerobic work capacity in men and women with special reference to age. Acta Physiol. Scand., suppl. 49: 4560.
  • Åstrand, P-O, and Rodahl K (1977) Textbook of Work Physiology, 2nd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Babcock DS, and Han BK (1981) The accuracy of high resolution, real-time ultrasonography of the head in infancy. Radiology 139: 665676.
  • Babson SG, Behrman RE, and Lessel R (1970) Fetal growth: live-born birth weights for gestational age of white middle class infants. Pediatrics 45: 937944.
  • Babson SG, and Benda GI (1976) Growth graphs for the assessment of infants of varying gestational age. J Pediat. 89: 814820.
  • Bakwin H, and McLaughlin SM (1964) Secular increase in height: is the end in sight? Lancet 2: 11951196.
  • Bayley N, and Pinneau S (1952) Tables for predicting adult height from skeletal age, revised for use with Greulich-Pyle hand standards: J Pediat. 40: 423441.
  • Behnke AR, and Wilmore JH (1974) Evaluation and Regulation of Body Build and Composition. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Bouchard C, Thibault MC, and Jobin J (1981) Advances in selected areas of human work physiology. Yearbook Phys. Anthrop. 24: 136.
  • Brandt I (1978) Growth dynamics of low-birth-weight infants with emphasis on the perinatal period. In FFalkner and JMTanner (eds): Human Growth, Volume 2. New York: Plenum, pp. 557617.
  • Brook CGD, Mürset G, Zachman M, and Prader A (1974) Growth in children with 45 XO Turner's syndrome. Arch. Dis. Child. 49: 789795.
  • Brownell GL, Budinger TF, Lauterbur PC, and McGeer PL (1982) Positron tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Science 215: 619626.
  • Bruce RA, Kusumi F, and Hosmer D (1973) Maximal oxygen intake and nomographic assessment of functional aerobic impairment in cardiovascular disease. Am. Heart J. 85: 546562.
  • Burgess HJL, and Burgess AP (1969) Modified standard for midarm circumference in young children. J. Trop. Pediat. 15: 189192.
  • Campbell S (1968) An improved method of fetal cephalometry by ultrasound. J. Obstet. Gynaec. Brit. Cwlth. 75: 568596.
  • Campbell S, and Dewhurst CJ (1971) Diagnosis of the small for date fetus by serial ultrasonic cephalometry. Lancet 2: 10021006.
  • Campbell S, and Wilkins D (1975) Ultrasonic measurement of fetal abdomen circumference in the estimation of fetal weight. Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 82: 689697.
  • Carmelli D, and Cavalli-Sforza LL (1979) The genetic origin of the Jews: A multivariate approach. Human Biol. 51: 4161.
  • Cervenka J, Figalová P, and Gorlin RJ (1969) Cranio-carpo-tarsal dysplasia or the whistling face syndrome II. Oral intercommissural distance in children. Am. J. Dis. Child. 117: 434435.
  • Chesney RW, Moorthy AV, Eisman JA, Jax DK, Mazess RD, and DeLuca HF (1978) Increased growth after long-term oral α,25-vitamin D3 in childhood renal osteodystrophy. New Engl. J. Med. 298: 238242.
  • Cohn, SH (ed) (1981) Non-invasive Measurements of Bone Mass and Their Clinical Application. Cleveland: CRC Press.
  • Collins P, McCarthy ID, and Hill GL (1979) Assessment of protein nutrition in surgical patients: the value of anthropometrics. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 32: 15271530.
  • Conference on Estrogen Treatment for the Young (1978) Summary and recommendations. Pediatrics, suppl. 62: 1216–1217.
  • Cronk CE (1978) Growth of children with Down's syndrome: birth to age 3 years. Pediatrics 61: 564568.
  • Damon A (1974) Larger body size and earlier menarche: the end may be in sight. Soc. Biol. 21: 811.
  • Davies CTM, Barnes C, and Godfrey S (1972) Body composition and maximal exercise performance in children. Human Biol. 44: 195214.
  • Davies DP, and Holding RE (1972) Neonatometer: a new infant length measurer. Arch. Dis. Child. 47: 938940.
  • deGaray, AL, Levine L, and Carter JEL (1974) Genetic and Anthropological Studies of Olympic Athletes. New York: Academic Press.
  • Denkhaus H, and Winsberg F (1979) Ultrasonic measurement of the fetal ventricular system. Radiology 131: 781787.
  • Dudrick SJ, Wilmore DW, Vars HM, and Rhoads JE (1968) Long-term total parenteral nutrition with growth, development and positive nitrogen balance. Surgery 64: 134142.
  • Dunn P (1966) Localization of the umbilical catheter by post-mortem measurement. Arch. Dis. Child. 41: 6975.
  • Editorial (1979) Images of brain function. Lancet 2: 725726.
  • Epstein ML, Goldberg SJ, Allen HD, Konecke L, and Wood J (1975) Great vessel, cardiac chamber and wall growth patterns in normal children. Circulation 51: 11241129.
  • Eveleth PB (1979) Population differences in growth: Environmental and genetic factors. In FFalkner and JMTanner (eds): Human Growth. Volume 2. New York: Plenum, pp 373394.
  • Eveleth PB, and Tanner JM (1976) Worldwide Variation in Human Growth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Falkner F (1981) Maternal nutrition and fetal growth. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34: 769774.
  • Farkas LG (1979) Anthropometry of normal and abnormal ears. Clin. Plast. Surg. 5: 401412.
  • Feigenbaum H (1973) Echocardiography. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
  • Feingold M, and Bossert WH (1974) Normal values for selected physical parameters. An aid in syndrome delineation. Birth Defects: Original Article Series, Vol. X, No. 13, pp. 115, National Foundation-March of Dimes.
  • Forbes GB (1964) Lean body mass and fat in obese children. Pediatrics 34: 308323.
  • Forbes GB (1977) Nutrition and growth. J. Pediat. 91: 4042.
  • Frerichs RR, Harsha DW, and Berenson GS (1979) Equations for estimating percentage of body fat in children 10–14 years old. Pediat. Res. 13: 170174.
  • Frisancho AR (1981) New norms of upper limb fat and muscle areas for assessment of nutritional status. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34: 25402545.
  • Frisch RE, and Revelle R (1971) The height and weight of girls and boys at the time of the initiation of the adolescent growth spurt and the relationship to menarche. Human Biol. 43: 140159.
  • Galaburda AM, Lemay M, Kemper TL, and Geschwind N (1978) Right—left asymmetries in the brain. Science 199: 852856.
  • Gallagher JR (1975) Short and tall stature in otherwise normal adolescents: management of their medical and psychologic problems. In LIGardner (ed): Endocrine and Genetic Diseases of Childhood and Adolescence. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp. 99105.
  • Garn SM (1965) The applicability of North American growth standards in developing countries. Can. Med. Ass. J. 93: 914919.
  • Garn SM (1970) The Earlier Gain and Later Loss of Cortical Bone in Nutritional Perspective. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.
  • Garn SM, and Clark DC (1976a) Trends in fatness and the origins of obesity. Pediatrics 57: 443456.
  • Garn SM, and Clark DC (1976b) Problems in the assessment of Black individuals. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 66: 262267.
  • Garn SM, Hertzog KP, Poznanski AK, and Nagy JM (1972) Metacarpophalangeal length in the evaluation of skeletal malformation. Radiology 105: 375381.
  • Garn SM, Silverman FN, and Rohman CG (1964) A rational approach to the assessment of skeletal maturation. Ann. Radiol. 7: 297307.
  • Gebré-Medhin M (1979) Nutrition surveillance in developing countries, with special reference to Ethiopia. In DBJelliffe and EFPJelliffe (eds): Human Nutrition, a Comprehensive Treatise. Volume 2. Nutrition and Growth. New York: Plenum, pp. 432441.
  • Geschwind NC (1979) Specializations of the human brain. Sci. Am. 241: 180199 (Sept.).
  • Gohari P, Berkowitz RL, and Hobbins JC (1977) Prediction of intrauterine growth retardation by determination of total intrauterine volume. Am. J. Obstet. Gynec. 127: 255260.
  • Goldberg SJ, Allen HD, and Sahn DJ (1980) Pediatrics and Adolescent Echocardiography. A Handbook, 2nd ed. Chicago: Yearbook Publishers.
  • Gomez F, Galvan RR, Cravioto J, and Frenk S (1955) Malnutrition in infancy and childhood with special reference to Kwashiorkor. Adv. Pediat. 7: 131169.
  • Gorlin RJ, Pindborg JJ, and Cohen MM (1976) Syndromes of the Head and Neck, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Greulich WW (1957) A comparison of the physical growth and development of American-born and native Japanese children. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 15: 489515.
  • Greulich WW, and Pyle SI (1959) Radiographic Atlas of Skeletal Development of the Hand and Wrist, 2nd ed. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Grushkin CM, and Fine RN (1973) Growth in children following renal transplantation. Am. J. Dis. Child. 125: 514516.
  • Guzman MA (1968) Impaired physical growth and maturation in malnourished populations. In NSScrimshaw and JEGordon (eds): Malnutrition, Learning and Behavior. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 4254.
  • Haber KM, Wachter RD, Christenson PC, Vaucher Y, Sahn DJ, and Smith JR (1980) Ultrasonic evaluation of intracranial pathology in infants: a new technique. Radiology 134: 173178.
  • Habicht JP, Martorell R, Yarbrough C, Malina RM, and Klein RE (1974) Height and weight standards for preschool children. How relevant are ethnic differences in growth potential? Lancet 1: 611615.
  • Headlock FP, Deter RL, and Park SK (1981) Real-time sonography: Ventricular and vascular anatomy of the fetal brain in utero. Am. J. Roentgenol. 136: 133137.
  • Hellman LM, Kobayashi M, Tooles WE, and Cromb E (1970) Ultrasonic studies of the volumetric growth of the human placenta. Am. J. Obstet. Gynec. 108: 740750.
  • Henry WL, Ware J, Gardin JM, Hepner SI, McKay J, and Weiner M (1975) Echocardiographic measurements in normal subjects. Growth related changes that occur between infancy and early adulthood. Circulation 57: 278284.
  • Higman BW (1979) Growth in Afro-Carribean slave populations. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 50: 373386.
  • Hirsch J (1975) Cell number and size as determinants of subsequent obesity. In MWinick (ed): Childhood Obesity. New York: Wiley, pp. 1521.
  • Hirsch J, and Gallian E (1968) Method for determination of adipose cell size in man and animals. J. Lipid Res. 9: 110119.
  • Hobbins, TL (ed.) (1979) Diagnostic Ultrasound in Obstetrics. Diagnostic Clinics in Ultrasound. London: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Hoda O, Hasinoff DJ, and Arbus GS (1975) Growth following renal transplantation in children and adolescents. Clin. Nephrol. 3: 69.
  • Horton WA, Rotter JI, Rimoin DL, Scott CI, and Hall JG (1978) Standard growth curves for achondroplasia. J. Pediat. 93: 435438.
  • Horton WA, Hall JG, Scott CI, Pyeritz RE, and Rimoin DL (1982) Growth curves for height for diastrophic dysplasia, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita, pseudoachondroplasia. Am. J. Dis. Child. 136: 316319.
  • Houston ME, and Green JH (1976) Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of elite Canadian ice hockey players. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fit. 16: 123128.
  • Jelliffe DB (1966) The Assessment of the Nutritional Status of the Community. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Jelliffe, EFP, and Jelliffe, DB (eds) (1969) The arm circumference as a public health index of protein–calorie malnutrition of early childhood. J. Trop. Pediat. 15: 177–260.
  • Johnson GF, Dorst JP, Kuhn HP, Roche AF, and Davila GH (1973) Reliability of skeletal age assessments. Am. J. Roentgenol. 18: 320327.
  • Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, and Lemeshow S (1972) Skinfold thickness of children 6–11 years, United States. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, no. 120.
  • Johnston FE, Hamill PVV, and Lemeshow S (1974) Skinfold thickness of youths 12–17 years, United States. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, no. 132.
  • Jones KL, Hanson JW, and Smith DW (1978) Palpebral fissure size in newborn infants. J. Pediat. 92: 787.
  • Keppel F (1968) Food for thought. In NSScrimshaw and JEGordon (eds): Malnutrition, Learning and Behavior. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 49.
  • Knittle JL (1972) Obesity in Childhood: a problem in adipose cellular development. J. Pediat. 81: 10481059.
  • Knittle JL, Ginsberg-Fellner F, and Brown RE (1977) Adipose tissue development in man. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30: 762766.
  • Kunze D, Hughes PCR, and Tanner JM (1976) Anthropometrische untersuchungen an sportlern der XX. Olympischen Spiele 1972 in München. In HJungmann (ed): Sportwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen während der XX Olympischen Spiele, München 1972. Hamburg: Karl Demeter-Verlag, pp. 3356.
  • Levi A, and Smets P (1973) Intrauterine fetal growth studied by ultrasonic biparietal measurements. Acta Obstet. Gynec. Scand. 52: 193198.
  • Lubchenco LO, Hansman C, Dressler M, and Boyd E (1963) Intrauterine growth as estimated from liveborn birth weight data at 24–42 weeks of gestation. Pediatrics 32: 793800.
  • Lubchenco LO, Hansman C, and Boyd E (1966) Intrauterine growth in length and head circumference as estimated from live births at gestational ages from 26 to 42 weeks. Pediatrics 37: 403408.
  • Lusted LB, and Keats TE (1967) Roentgenographic Measurement, 2nd ed. Chicago: Yearbook Publishers.
  • Malina RM (1969) Growth and physical performance of American Negro and White children. Clin. Pediat. 8: 476483.
  • Malina RM (1979) Secular changes in size and maturity: causes and effects. Monogr. Soc. Res. Child Dev. 44: 59102.
  • Malina RM (1980) Physical activity, growth, and functional capacity. In FEJohnston, AFRoche and CSusanne (eds): Human Physical Growth and Maturation: Methodologies and Factors. New York: Plenum, pp. 303327.
  • Malina RM (1982) Physical growth and maturity characteristics of young athletes. In RAMagill, MJAsh and FLSmoll (eds): Children in Sport (2nd edition). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers, in press.
  • Maresh MM (1970) Measurements from roentgenograms. In McCammonRW (ed): Human Growth and Development. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, pp. 187200.
  • Margo C (1977) Assessing malnutrition with the mid-arm circumference. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30: 835837.
  • Marks HG, Borns P, Steg NL, Stine SB, Stroud HL, and Vates TS (1978) Catch-up brain growth: demonstration by CAT scan. J. Pediat. 93: 254257.
  • Martorell R, Yarbrough C, Klein RE, and Lechtig A (1979) Malnutrition, body size and skeletal maturation: interrelationships and implications for catch-up growth. Human Biol. 51: 371389.
  • Matsui T, and Hirano A (1979) An Atlas of the Brain for Computerized Tomography. Tokyo: Igaku Shoin.
  • Meema HE, and Meema S (1981) Radiogrammetry. In SHCohn (ed): Non-invasive Measurements of Bone Mass and Their Clinical Applications. Cleveland: CRC Press, pp. 550.
  • Méhes K (1981) Normal values for philtral length, oral intercommissural distance, and sternal length in newborn infants. J. Craniofacial Genet. 1: 217227.
  • Meredith HV (1976) Findings from Asia, Australia, Europe and North America on secular changes in mean height of children, youths and young adults. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 44: 315325.
  • Miller R, Ross WD, Rapp A, and Roede M (1980) Sex chromosome aneuploidy and anthropometry: a new proportionality assessment using the phantom stratagem. Am. J. Med. Genet. 5: 125135.
  • Neuman CG (1979) Reference data. In DBJelliffe and EFPJelliffe (eds): Human Nutrition, A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 2. Nutrition and Growth, New York: Plenum, pp. 299327.
  • Nichaman MZ, and Lane JM (1979) Nutrition surveillance in developed countries. In DBJelliffe and EFPJelliffe (eds): Human Nutrition, a Comprehensive Treatise. Volume 2. Nutrition and Growth. New York: Plenum, pp. 409430.
  • Novak LP, Woodward WA, Bestit C, and Mellerowicz H (1976) Working capacity (WC170), body composition, and anthropometry of Olympic female athletes. In HJungmann (ed): Sportwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen während der XX Olympischen Spiele, München 1972. Hamburg: Karl Demeter-Verlag, pp. 6978.
  • Olivier G, Bressac F, and Tessier H (1978) Correlations between birth length and adult stature. Human Biol. 50: 6972.
  • Pearson K (1906) On the relationship between intelligence and the size of the head, and to other physical and mental characteristics. Biometrika 5: 105146.
  • Potter D, Belzer FO, Rames L, Holiday MA, Kountz SL, and Najarian JS (1970) The treatment of chronic uremia in childhood. I. Transplantation. Pediatrics 45: 432443.
  • Prader A, Tanner, JM, and von Harnack, GA (1963) Catch-up following illness or starvation. J. Pediat. 62: 646659.
  • Pryor JW (1907) The hereditary nature of variation in the ossification of bones. Anat. Rec. 1: 8488.
  • Rabey GP (1977) Morphanalysis of craniofacial dysharmony. Br. J. Oral Surg. 15: 110120.
  • Rarick GL, and Seefeldt V (1974) Observations from longitudinal data on growth in stature and sitting height of children with Down's syndrome. J. Ment. Def. Res. 18: 6378.
  • Robinow M, and Chumlea WC (1982) Standards for limb bone length ratios in children. Radiology 143: 433436.
  • Robinow M, and Jelliffe DB (1969) The use of arm circumference in a field survey of early childhood malnutrition in Busoga, Uganda. J. Trop. Pediat. 15: 217221.
  • Robson EB (1981) Human birth weight: natural selection and genetics. In MRitzen, AAperia, KHall, ALarsson, AZetterberg, and RZetterstrom (eds): The Biology of Normal Human Growth. New York: Plenum, pp. 183192.
  • Robson JRK, Larkin FA, Bursick JH, and Perri KP (1975) Growth standards for infants and children: a cross-sectional study. Pediatrics 56: 10141020.
  • Roche AF (1964) Skeletal maturation rates in mongolism. Am. J. Roentgenol. 91: 979987.
  • Roche AF (1965) The stature of mongols. J. Ment. Def. Res. 9: 131145.
  • Roche AF (1978) Bone growth and maturation. In FFalkner and JMTanner (eds): Human Growth, Volume 2. New York: Plenum, pp. 317355.
  • Roche AF (1979) Secular trends in stature, weight and maturation. Monogr. Soc. Res. Child Dev. 44: 327.
  • Roche AF (1980a) The measurement of skeletal maturation. In FEJohnston, AFRoche, and CSusanne (eds): Human Growth and Maturation: Methodologies and Factors. New York: Plenum, pp. 6182.
  • Roche AF (1980b) Possible catch-up growth of the brain in man. Acta Med. Auxol. 12: 165179.
  • Roche AF (1980c) Prediction. In FEJohnston, AFRoche and CSusanne (eds): Human Physical Growth and Maturation: Methodologies and Factors. New York: Plenum, pp. 177191.
  • Roche AF (1981) The adipocyte number hypothesis. Child Dev. 52: 3143.
  • Roche AF, Davila GH, and Eyman SL (1971) A comparison between Greulich–Pyle and Tanner–Whitehouse assessment of skeletal maturity. Radiology 98: 273280.
  • Roche AF, Wainer H, and Thiessen D (1975) The RWT method for the prediction of adult stature. Pediatrics 56: 10261033.
  • Roche AF, and Wettenhall HNB (1969). The prediction of adult stature in tall girls. Austral. Paediat. 5: 1322.
  • Rosenfeld W, Biagtan J, Schaeffer H, Evans H, Flicker S, Salazar D, and Jhaveri R (1980) A new graph for umbilical artery catheters. J. Pediat. 96: 735737.
  • Rotch TM (1909) A study of the development of the bones in childhood by the roentgen method, with the view of establishing a developmental index for the grading of and protection of early life. Trans. Am. Assn. Physicians 24: 603630.
  • Saenger P, Wiedemann E, Schwartz E, Korth-Schultz S, Lewy JE, Riggio RR, Rubin AL, Stenzel KH, and Newi M (1974) Somatomedin and growth after renal transplantation. Pediat. Res. 8: 163169.
  • Sauerbrei EE, Digney M, Harrison PP, and Cooperberg PL (1981) Ultrasonic evaluation of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage and its complications. Radiology 139: 677685.
  • Shakir A, and Morley D (1974) Measuring malnutrition. Lancet 1: 758759.
  • Shephard RJ (1978) The prediction of athletic performance by laboratory and field tests. In RJShephard and HLavalee (eds): Physical Fitness. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, pp. 113141.
  • Shephard RJ, Godin C, and Campbell R (1974) Characteristics of sprint, medium and long distance swimmers. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 32: 99116.
  • Smith DW (1976) Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders.
  • Smith DW, Truog W, Rogers JE, Greitzer LJ, Skinner AL, McCann JJ, and Harvey MAS (1976) Shifting linear growth during infancy. Illustrations of genetic factors in growth during infancy. Illustrations of genetic factors in growth from fetal life through infancy. J. Pediat. 89: 225230.
  • Sontag LW, Snell D, and Anderson M (1939) Rate of appearance of ossification centers from birth to 5 years. Am. J. Dis. Child. 38: 949956.
  • Southgate DAT (1978) Fetal measurements. In FFalkner and JMTanner (eds): Human Growth, Volume 1. New York: Plenum, pp. 379395.
  • Susanne C (1979) On the relationship between psychometric and anthropometric traits. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 51: 421424.
  • Symposium (1975) Physical anthropology is dead. Yearbook Phys. Anthropol. 19: 132152.
  • Tanner JM (1964) The Physique of the Olympic Athlete. London: George Allen and Unwin.
  • Tanner JM (1973) Trends toward earlier menarche in London, Oslo, Copenhagen, the Netherlands and Hungary. Nature 243: 9597.
  • Tanner JM (1981) Catch-up growth in man. Brit. Med. Bull. 37: 233238.
  • Tanner JM, Goldstein H, and Whitehouse RH (1970) Standards for children's height at ages 2 to 9 years, allowing for weight of parents. Arch. Dis. Child. 45: 755762.
  • Tanner JM, Healy MJR, Lockhart RD, Mackenzie JD, and Whitehouse RH (1956) Aberdeen growth studv. The prediction of adult body measurements. Arch. Dis. Child. 31: 372381.
  • Tanner JM, Lejarraga H, and Cameron N (1975) The natural history of the Silver–Russel syndrome: a longitudinal study of thirty-nine cases. Pediat. Res. 9: 611623.
  • Tanner JM, and Whitehouse RH (1975) Revised standards for triceps and subscapular skinfolds in British children. Arch. Dis. Child. 50: 142145.
  • Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH, Marshall WA, and Carter BS (1975b) Prediction of adult height from height, bone age and occurrence of menarche, ages 4–16 with allowance for midparent height. Arch. Dis. Child. 50: 1426.
  • Tanner JM, Whitehouse RH, Marshall WA, Healy MJR, and Goldstein H (1975a) Assessment of Skeletal Maturity and Prediction of Adult Height (TW2 method). New York: Academic Press.
  • Trevarthen C (1979) Neuroembryology and the development of perception. In FFalkner and JMTanner (eds): Human Growth. Volume 3. New York: Plenum, pp. 396.
  • Trotter M, and Hixon BB (1974) Sequential changes in weight, density and percentage ash weight of human skeletons from an early fetal period through old age. Anat. Rec. 179: 118.
  • Usher R, and McLean F (1969) Intrauterine growth of live-born Caucasian infants at sea level: standards obtained from measurements in 7 dimensions of infants born between 25 and 44 weeks of gestation. J. Pediat. 74: 901910.
  • van Huss, D (1979) Physical activity and aging. In RStrauss (ed): Sports Medicine and Physiology. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp. 373385.
  • Walker ARP, and Richardson BD (1973) International and local growth standards. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 26: 897900.
  • Walton A, and Hammond J (1938) The maternal effects on growth and conformation in the Shire horse–Shetland pony crosses. Proc. Royal Soc. B. 125: 311335.
  • Ward T, Groppel JL, and Stone M (1979) Anthropometry and performance in master and first class Olympic weight lifters. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fit. 19: 205212.
  • Warkany J (1971) Congenital Malformations. Chicago: Yearbook Medical Publishers.
  • Wartenweiler J, Hess A, and Wuest B (1974) Anthropologic measurements and performance. In LALarson (ed): Fitness, Health and Work Capacity. New York: Macmillan, pp. 211240.
  • Waterlow JC (1972) Classification and definition of protein–calorie malnutrition. Br. Med. J. 3: 566569.
  • Waterlow JC, Buzina R, Keller W, Lane JM, Nichaman MZ, and Tanner JM (1977) The presentation and use of height and weight data for comparing the nutritional status of groups of children under the age of 10 years. Bull. World Health Org. 55: 489498.
  • Weltman A, and Katch VL (1978) A new population-specific method for predicting total body volume and percent fat. Human Biol. 50: 151158.
  • Wettenhall HNB, Cahill C, and Roche AF (1975) Tall girls: a survey of 15 years of management and treatment. J. Pediat. 86: 602610.
  • Whitelaw MJ, Foster TN, and Graham WH (1965) Steroidal induction of premature growth spurt in prepubertal boys for excessive height. Acta Endocrinol. 50: 317320.
  • Widdowson E, and Shaw WT (1973) Full and empty fat cells. Lancet 2: 905.
  • Wilmore JH, and Behnke AR (1969) An anthropometric estimation of body density and lean body weight in young men. J. Appl. Physiol. 27: 2531.
  • Wilmore JH, and Bergfeld JA (1979) A comparison of sports: Physiological and medical aspects. In RHStrauss (ed): Sports Medicine and Physiology. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp. 353372.
  • Wingerd J, and Schoen EJ (1974) Factors influencing length at birth and height at 5 years. Pediatrics 53: 737741.
  • Zachman M, Fernandez G, Mürset G, Gnehm HE, and Prader A (1976) Testosterone treatment of excessively tall boys. J. Pediat. 38: 782787.
  • Zerfass AJ (1975) The insertion tape: a new arm circumference tape for use in nutritional assessment. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 28: 782787.