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Keywords:

  • Southern Africa;
  • Paleoanthropology;
  • Hominid evolution;
  • Genetics;
  • Race;
  • Human adaptability

Abstract

A brief history of physical anthropology in Southern Africa is presented. Beginning with early accounts of settlers and visitors, detailed consideration of early and subsequent fossil discoveries and the individuals involved is given. A discussion of studies on the living peoples of Southern Africa follows and includes a historical summary of research on the interrelationships among Khoisan and Negro peoples, race, growth, nutrition, and secular trends.