Presently Head, Science Library, Murray State University, Murray, Kentucky 42071.
Article first published online: 28 APR 2005
Copyright © 1976 Wiley-Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 45, Issue 2, pages 337–343, September 1976
How to Cite
Carpenter, J. C. (1976), A comparative study of metric and non-metric traits in a series of modern crania. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 45: 337–343. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330450219
A condensed version of a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for a Masters degree in Anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, May 1974.
The statistical data on which this paper was based are available in NAPS Document No. 02757.
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2005
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2005
- Discrete traits;
- Multivariate analysis;
- Sex differences;
- Race differences
The purpose of this study is to question the utility of non-metric traits as predictors of age, race, and sex by comparing a group of non-metric variables with a group of metric variables. Twelve metric variables and 15 nonmetric variables were scored on 317 crania from the Terry Collection at the U. S. National Museum, and later statistically evaluated with a number of multivariate analysis programs and a stepwise discriminant program. The metric variables were found to be significant sex and race discriminators, where-as the non-metric variables were non-significant. The non-metric variables were found to be better age discriminators than the metric variables, even though neither could be classified as highly significant. It was concluded that non-metric traits by themselves have very little discriminatory value and should be used instead to supplement other osteological measurements and observations.