This research was supported in part by United States Public Health Service Grants DE-04227 and DE-03610, and by NIH Post-Doctoral Fellowships DE-013696 and DE-05101
Condylar translation and the function of the superficial masseter muscle in the rhesus monkey(M. mulatta)†
Article first published online: 28 APR 2005
Copyright © 1977 Wiley-Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 53–63, July 1977
How to Cite
Carlson, D. S. (1977), Condylar translation and the function of the superficial masseter muscle in the rhesus monkey(M. mulatta). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 47: 53–63. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330470111
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2005
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2005
- Rhesus monkey
The relationship between translation of the mandibular condyle during symmetrical mandibular rotation, i.e., symmetrical jaw depression and elevation, and the function of the superficial masseter muscle was examined in light of relative torque and the length-tension relationship for muscle. Lateral cephalograms of live adult rhesus monkeys(Macaca mulatta) were analyzed using two models: (1) Model A, normal symmetrical jaw rotation accompanied by condylar translation; and (2) Model B, mandibular rotation about an axis fixed at the position of the condyles during centric occlusion.
The decrease in relative torque and the excursion of the superficial masseter at mouth-open positions are significantly greater in Model B than in Model A. Symmetrical rotation of the jaw about a fixed axis would result in a 35% greater loss of maximum producible tension at maximum gape than rotation associated with condylar translation. These results suggest that condylar translation during mandibular depression and elevation functions to minimize reduction in relative torque and excursion of superficial masseter muscle, thereby maintaining optimal potential for exerting maximum tension during jaw closure.