A descriptive and comparative study of the deciduous dentition of prehistoric Ohio Valley Amerindians
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2005
Copyright © 1977 Wiley-Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 71–80, July 1977
How to Cite
Sciulli, P. W. (1977), A descriptive and comparative study of the deciduous dentition of prehistoric Ohio Valley Amerindians. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 47: 71–80. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330470113
- Issue online: 28 APR 2005
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2005
- deciduous teeth;
The deciduous dentition of 58 individuals from groups of prehistoric Ohio Valley Amerindians (2,000 B.C.-1,600 A.D.) was measured for antero-posterior and bucco-lingual dimensions and scored for morphological characteristics and macroscopic pathology. Only five dimensions of the posterior teeth and the frequency of severe linear enamel hypoplasia showed significant differences in the groups. In all cases focal agriculturalists exhibited smaller teeth and a higher frequency of severe linear enamel hypoplasia.
These findings are explained as the result of changing diet and food preparation techniques, and/or sampling bias in the earlier burial cult groups where primarily higher status individuals may be the representatives.
Comparison of metric and morphological characteristics of the deciduous dentition in the prehistoric Amerindians and roughly contemporaneous European groups indicates morphological characteristics are the better means of discrimination.