On the adaptive pattern of “Ramapithecus



A reconstruction of the adaptive pattern of the Miocene hominoid “Ramapithecus,” supported by comparative data and morphological comparisons, is presented. It is based upon the completely known dentition, inferior portion of the face, and on the paleoecology and geographic distribution of “Ramapithecus” bearing deposits.

The known adaptive and morphological patterns of the “Ramapithecus” species are almost indistinguishable from those of the contemporary species of Sivapithecus, which has taxonomic priority. The “Ramapithecus” species are therefore referred to Sivapithecus, a dryopithecine genus which apparently radiated throughout Eurasia and Africa during the Middle Miocene.