The physical nature of the first men to enter the New World from Asia has long been a matter of dispute. Changes in the conventional wisdom on this subject since 1930 are reviewed. Hrdlička's opinion provides the base line. Certain important developments since his death are outlined. Although there is good reason now to believe that only Homo sapiens existed in eastern Asia at the time, it is still not certainly established. Actual proof in the form of human skeletal remains is still elusive.