Developmental differences between singletons and twins in distributions of dental diameter asymmetries


  • Charles E. Boklage

    1. Laboratory of Behavioral and Developmental Genetics, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27834
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Craniofacial development and behavioral development differs between human twins and singletons in several ways which are related to symmetry development and detectable in adults. In most of those ways, twin zygosity groups do not differ. Here we use distributions of dental diameters, as a model subsystem of craniofacial development, to show that twins, of both zygosities and both sexes, are substantially more symmetrical than singletons. The observed differences are consistent with previous related observations, none of which can readily be explained by any consequence of twin gestation. They seem instead to represent peculiarities of developmental biology familially associated with twinning.