Patterns of enamel hypoplasia in two medieval populations from Nubia's Batn el Hajar
Article first published online: 27 APR 2005
Copyright © 1990 Wiley-Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 82, Issue 4, pages 413–420, August 1990
How to Cite
van Gerven, D. P., Beck, R. and Hummert, J. R. (1990), Patterns of enamel hypoplasia in two medieval populations from Nubia's Batn el Hajar. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 82: 413–420. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330820403
- Issue published online: 27 APR 2005
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JUL 1989
- Manuscript Received: 9 DEC 1988
- Dental enamel hypoplasia;
Analysis of enamel hypoplasia frequencies for two medieval populations representing the earliest and latest Christian periods of ancient Nubia reveals important diachronic shifts in childhood stress. The mean frequency for hypoplastic bands among the early Christians is 4.2, while the late Christian sample has a mean frequency of 3.7. In addition, the earlier Christians show a prolongation of hypoplastic occurrences through childhood corresponding to a prolonged period of intensified childhood mortality. The modal time interval between hypoplastic occurrences is also shorter for the early Christian children.
A comparison of hypoplasia frequencies by sex also reveals a pattern of considerable interest. Females show both lower frequencies of hypoplasias as well as a delay in onset.
The diachronic differences are consistent with other indications from paleopathology and paleodemography that childhood stress decreased in later Christian times. The sex differences suggest that during the infancy and early childhood females were more resilient than their male counterparts.