Cranial growth in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus): A quantitative analysis using three dimensional coordinate data

Authors

  • Brian D. Corner,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205
    • CMS Biology, Northestern University School of Medicine, 303 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL 60611–3008
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  • Joan T. Richtsmeier

    1. Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205
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Abstract

Improvements in data gathering technology have made it possible to quickly and accurately digitize large numbers of objects. The three dimensional coordinates of 44 homologous landmarks were obtained from a sample of 104 squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) crania. After sorting by sex, the crania were assigned to one of four dental age groups. Two quantitative methods, Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) and finite element scaling analysis (FESA), were used to study craniofacial form change during growth within each sex. Form differences between the sexes at each developmental age were also examined.

Both sexes show a small amount of cranial growth overall; however, there are areas of substantial local growth. These areas include the anterior neurocranium and basicranium, the basioccipital, and the anterior palate. Sexual dimorphism in the craniofacial complex is minimal. The most dimorphic regions are the orbitonasal portion of the lower face, the cranial base, and the palate.

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