African ancestry of the population of Buenos Aires

Authors

  • Laura Fejerman,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    • Linacre College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3JA, UK
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  • Francisco R. Carnese,

    1. Sección Antropología Biológica, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1406 Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Alicia S. Goicoechea,

    1. Sección Antropología Biológica, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1406 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    2. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, 1033 Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Sergio A. Avena,

    1. Sección Antropología Biológica, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1406 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    2. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, 1033 Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Cristina B. Dejean,

    1. Sección Antropología Biológica, Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1406 Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Ryk H. Ward

    1. Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
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    • Ryk H. Ward is deceased.


Abstract

The population of Argentina today does not have a “visible” black African component. However, censuses conducted during most of the 19th century registered up to 30% of individuals of African origin living in Buenos Aires city. What has happened to this African influence? Have all individuals of African origin died, as lay people believe? Or is it possible that admixture with the European immigrants made the African influence “invisible?” We investigated the African contribution to the genetic pool of the population of Buenos Aires, Argentina, typing 12 unlinked autosomal DNA markers in a sample of 90 individuals. The results of this analysis suggest that 2.2% (SEM = 0.9%) of the genetic ancestry of the Buenos Aires population is derived from Africa. Our analysis of individual admixture shows that those alleles that have a high frequency in populations of African origin tend to concentrate among 8 individuals in our sample. Therefore, although the admixture estimate is relatively low, the actual proportion of individuals with at least some African influence is approximately 10%. The evidence we are presenting of African ancestry is consistent with the known historical events that led to the drastic reduction of the Afro-Argentine population during the second half of the 19th century. However, as our results suggest, this reduction did not mean a total disappearance of African genes from the genetic pool of the Buenos Aires population. Am J Phys Anthropol 128:164-170, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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