Genetic evidence for the Mongolian ancestry of Kalmyks
Version of Record online: 18 JUL 2005
Copyright © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 128, Issue 4, pages 846–854, December 2005
How to Cite
Nasidze, I., Quinque, D., Dupanloup, I., Cordaux, R., Kokshunova, L. and Stoneking, M. (2005), Genetic evidence for the Mongolian ancestry of Kalmyks. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 128: 846–854. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20159
- Issue online: 23 NOV 2005
- Version of Record online: 18 JUL 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 AUG 2004
- Manuscript Received: 23 FEB 2004
- Max Planck Society, Germany
- Italian National Research Council
- European Science Foundation. Grant Number: JA03-B02
- Y chromosome;
The Kalmyks are an ethnic group along the lower Volga River in Russia who are thought to have migrated there from Mongolia about 300 years ago. To investigate their origins, we studied mtDNA and Y-chromosome variation in 99 Kalmyks. Both mtDNA HV1 sequences and Y-chromosome SNP haplogroups indicate a close relationship of Kalmyks with Mongolians. In addition, genetic diversity for both mtDNA and the Y chromosome are comparable in Kalmyks, Mongolians, and other Central Asian groups, indicating that the Kalmyk migration was not associated with a substantial bottleneck. The so-called “Genghis Khan” Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) haplotype was found in high frequency (31.3%) among Kalmyks, further supporting a strong genetic connection between Kalmyks and Mongolians. Genetic analyses of even recent, relatively well-documented migrations such as of the Kalmyks can therefore lead to new insights concerning such migrations. Am J Phys Anthropol 126:, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.