Osteoarthritis in Siberia's Cis-Baikal: Skeletal indicators of hunter-gatherer adaptation and cultural change
Article first published online: 24 OCT 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 132, Issue 1, pages 1–16, January 2007
How to Cite
Lieverse, A. R., Weber, A. W., Bazaliiskiy, V. I., Goriunova, O. I. and Savel'ev, N. A. (2007), Osteoarthritis in Siberia's Cis-Baikal: Skeletal indicators of hunter-gatherer adaptation and cultural change. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 132: 1–16. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20479
- Issue published online: 21 NOV 2006
- Article first published online: 24 OCT 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Received: 13 NOV 2005
- degenerative joint disease;
- Middle Holocene;
This examination of osteoarthritis in Siberia's Cis-Baikal region focuses on the reconstruction of mid-Holocene mobility and activity patterns with particular interest in an alleged fifth millennium BC biocultural hiatus. Five cemetery populations—–two representing the pre-hiatus Kitoi culture (6800–4900 BC) and three the post-hiatus Serovo-Glaskovo (4200–1000 BC)—are considered. The objective is to investigate osteoarthritic prevalence and distribution (patterning) within and among these populations in order to reconstruct mobility and activity patterns among the Cis-Baikal foragers, and to test for possible disparities that may reflect differing adaptive strategies. The data reveal that levels of activity remained relatively constant throughout the mid-Holocene but that mobility and specific activity patterns did not. Although results are consistent with the current understanding of distinct Kitoi and Serovo-Glaskovo subsistence regimes, specifically the lower residential mobility and narrower resource base of the former, they also draw attention to adaptive characteristics shared by all occupants of the Cis-Baikal. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2006. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.