An academic genealogy on the history of American field primatologists
Article first published online: 11 DEC 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 132, Issue 3, pages 406–425, March 2007
How to Cite
Kelley, E. A. and Sussman, R. W. (2007), An academic genealogy on the history of American field primatologists. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 132: 406–425. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20532
- Issue published online: 26 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 11 DEC 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 OCT 2006
- Manuscript Received: 30 APR 2006
- Raymond Carpenter;
- Earnest Hooton;
- Sherwood Washburn;
In this paper, we present the academic genealogy of American field primatologists. The genealogy has been compiled to formally document the historical record of this young field. Data have been collected from three main sources: 1) e-mail surveys, 2) library and Internet research, and 3) verbal communication through forums such as American Association of Physical Anthropology meetings. Lineages of primatologists have been graphically displayed using Microsoft Visio. As of September 2005, 672 names and 239 affiliated universities, organizations and institutions have been recorded in 19 lineages. Five hundred and thirty-eight of the 672 names, 80.1%, are field primatologists. The Hooton/Washburn lineage is the largest; 60.6% of the recorded field primatologists are linked to this lineage. In addition, four of the five professors who have mentored a comparable number of field primatologists at American universities since Washburn are linked to the Hooton/Washburn lineage; and the school where Washburn mentored a majority of his students, UC-Berkeley, continues to have the highest overall graduation record for this subdiscipline. However, the field of primatology has been diversifying since the 1960s, and different universities are now responsible for graduating a substantial number of primatologists. We conclude that while the Hooton/Washburn lineage has remained remarkably homogenous in its anthropological focus, the field is also becoming increasingly enriched by primatologists who have had training in fields such as zoology, psychology, and ecology both in the United States and abroad. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2007. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.