Basics in paleodemography: A comparison of age indicators applied to the early medieval skeletal sample of Lauchheim
Article first published online: 9 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 137, Issue 4, pages 384–396, December 2008
How to Cite
Wittwer-Backofen, U., Buckberry, J., Czarnetzki, A., Doppler, S., Grupe, G., Hotz, G., Kemkes, A., Larsen, C. S., Prince, D., Wahl, J., Fabig, A. and Weise, S. (2008), Basics in paleodemography: A comparison of age indicators applied to the early medieval skeletal sample of Lauchheim. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 137: 384–396. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20881
- Issue published online: 10 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 9 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 APR 2008
- Manuscript Received: 20 FEB 2008
- Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany
- age estimation;
- biomarker of the skeleton;
- dental anthropology
Recent advances in the methods of skeletal age estimation have rekindled interest in their applicability to paleodemography. The current study contributes to the discussion by applying several long established as well as recently developed or refined aging methods to a subsample of 121 adult skeletons from the early medieval cemetery of Lauchheim. The skeletal remains were analyzed by 13 independent observers using a variety of aging techniques (complex method and other multimethod approaches, Transition Analysis, cranial suture closure, auricular surface method, osteon density method, tooth root translucency measurement, and tooth cementum annulation counting). The age ranges and mean age estimations were compared and results indicate that all methods showed smaller age ranges for the younger individuals, but broader age ranges for the older age groups. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2008. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.