Ancient DNA analysis of human remains from the upper capital city of Kublai Khan
Article first published online: 25 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 138, Issue 1, pages 23–29, January 2009
How to Cite
Fu, Y., Xie, C., Xu, X., Li, C., Zhang, Q., Zhou, H. and Zhu, H. (2009), Ancient DNA analysis of human remains from the upper capital city of Kublai Khan. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 138: 23–29. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20894
- Issue published online: 1 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 25 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Received: 12 JAN 2008
- National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Number: J0530184
- ancient DNA;
- mitochondrial DNA;
- human origins;
Analysis of DNA from human archaeological remains is a powerful tool for reconstructing ancient events in human history. To help understand the origin of the inhabitants of Kublai Khan's Upper Capital in Inner Mongolia, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphisms in 21 ancient individuals buried in the Zhenzishan cemetery of the Upper Capital. MtDNA coding and noncoding region polymorphisms identified in the ancient individuals were characteristic of the Asian mtDNA haplogroups A, B, N9a, C, D, Z, M7b, and M. Phylogenetic analysis of the ancient mtDNA sequences, and comparison with extant reference populations, revealed that the maternal lineages of the population buried in the Zhenzishan cemetery are of Asian origin and typical of present-day Han Chinese, despite the presence of typical European morphological features in several of the skeletons. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2009. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.