Geographic altitude, surnames, and height variation of Jujuy (Argentina) conscripts
Article first published online: 4 SEP 2008
Copyright © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 138, Issue 2, pages 158–163, February 2009
How to Cite
Bejarano, I. F., Dipierri, J. E., Andrade, A. and Alfaro, E. L. (2009), Geographic altitude, surnames, and height variation of Jujuy (Argentina) conscripts. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 138: 158–163. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20915
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 4 SEP 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 2008
- Manuscript Received: 10 DEC 2007
- Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional. Grant Number: CGL2005-03752
- Secretaría de Ciencia
- Técnica y Estudios Regionales (SECTER)
- Universidad Nacional de Jujuy
The height records of 48,589 conscripts born in Jujuy between 1870 and 1960 were examined in order to study the variation in adult male height (AMH) in terms of geographical altitude and surnames. Data were clustered by origin of surnames (divided into native and foreign names), decades, and according to the four Jujenean geographical regions distributed along an altitudinal gradient (Puna, Quebrada, Valle, and Ramal). The variation of surnames, geographical altitude, and time on human height were examined by analysis of variance. Regardless of the drafting year, individuals in the four regions bearing foreign surnames proved significantly taller (P < 0.001) than those who had a native surname. Average height, regardless of ethnic group, presented a reverse relationship to geographical altitude. A higher AMH was found in individuals bearing foreign surnames in Jujuy and lower ones in the population located in the highlands and bearing native surnames. Interregional and intergroup AMH variations would be affected by the complex interaction between geographical altitude and factors associated to it and by the ethnic characteristics of these population as well. Am J Phys Anthropol 2009. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.