Research Article/Race Reconciled: How Biological Anthropologists View Human Variation
1918: Three perspectives on race and human variation
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Special Issue: Race Reconciled: How Biological Anthropologists View Human Variation
Volume 139, Issue 1, pages 5–15, May 2009
How to Cite
Caspari, R. (2009), 1918: Three perspectives on race and human variation. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 139: 5–15. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20975
- Issue published online: 1 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Received: 15 OCT 2008
Race was an important topic to the physical anthropologists of 1918, but their views were not monolithic. Multiple perspectives on race are expressed in the first volume of the AJPA, which encompass biological determinism and assumptions about evolutionary processes underlying the race concept. Most importantly, many of the significant alternative approaches to the study of human variation were already expressed in 1918. This paper examines race from the different perspectives of three key contributions to the first volume of the AJPA: papers from Hrdlička, Hooton, and Boas. The meaning of race derived from this work is then discussed. Despite new understandings gained through the neo-Darwinian synthesis and the growth of genetics, the fundamentals of the modern discussions of race were already planted in 1918. Am J Phys Anthropol 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.