Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article.

AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfofig1.tif149KSupporting Information Figure S1. Geographic origin of population samples 1. African American, 2. M'Buti, 3. Biaka, 4. Spanish, 5. Basque, 6. Italian, 7. Breton, 8. French, 9. German, 10. Siberian, 11. Mongolian, 12. Chinese, 13. Japanese, 14. S.E. Asian, 15. Papua New Guinean, 16. Chipewyan, 17. Cree, 18. Navajo, 19. Ojibwa, 20. Algonquian, 21. Maya, 22. Ticuna, 23. Karitiana, 24. Ache
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfofig2.tif96KSupporting Information Figure S2. Haplotypes distribution in continental groups Bar charts represent frequencies of haplotypes B001 to B006 in all continental groups. All remaining haplotypes were grouped under the denomination “Other” (see Table S2 and S3)
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfofig3.tif4566KSupporting Information Figure S3. Distribution of other (non B001 to B006) Dys44 haplotypes across continents A scale is included on the right side, from zero frequency to the maximum frequency found. Beside the haplotype name, its worldwide average frequency is indicated.
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfofig4.tif134KSupporting Information Figure S4. Multidimensional Scaling representation of pairwise FST distances
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable1.doc51KSupplementary Table S1. List of samples used in the present study.
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable2.doc335KSupplementary Table S2. Allelic structure of dys44 haplotypes found in the analyzed samples. Position IDs as well as haplotype names are arbitrary - consistent with previous publications (consistent with Zietkiewicz, Yotova et al. 1997; Zietkiewicz, Yotova et al. 1998; Labuda, Zietkiewicz et al. 2000; Xiao et al. 2004; Lovell et al. 2005). For clarity, only new (derived) alleles are shown, while an empty space implies identity with the ancestral allele (the same as that found in non-human primates – see Zietkiewicz et al. 1998), as shown at the top of the figure. The allelic status of Tn microsatellite, located between sites 72 and 85, is not indicated. Haplotypes are grouped by structural similarity (Zietkiewicz et al. 2003) to a “dominant” frequent haplotype – the first of the group.
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable3.doc178KSupporting Information Table 3
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable4.doc187KSupporting Information Table 4
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable5.doc434KSupporting Information Table 5
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable6.doc42KSupplementary Table S6. Linguistic distance matrices used for Mantel tests.
AJPA_21084_sm_suppinfotable7.doc28KSupplementary Table S7. Admixture estimates bases on the data of Wang et al. (2007)

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