Trabecular bone structure in the mandibular condyles of gouging and nongouging platyrrhine primates
Article first published online: 16 NOV 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 141, Issue 4, pages 583–593, April 2010
How to Cite
Ryan, T. M., Colbert, M., Ketcham, R. A. and Vinyard, C. J. (2010), Trabecular bone structure in the mandibular condyles of gouging and nongouging platyrrhine primates. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 141: 583–593. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21178
- Issue published online: 22 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 16 NOV 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 AUG 2009
- Manuscript Received: 7 APR 2009
- National Science Foundation (NSF). Grant Numbers: BCS-9908847, NSF BCS-094666, BCS-0412153
- Jaw functional morphology;
The relationship between mandibular form and biomechanical function is a topic of significant interest to morphologists and paleontologists alike. Several previous studies have examined the morphology of the mandible in gouging and nongouging primates as a means of understanding the anatomical correlates of this feeding behavior. The goal of the current study was to quantify the trabecular bone structure of the mandibular condyle of gouging and nongouging primates to assess the functional morphology of the jaw in these animals. High-resolution computed tomography scan data were collected from the mandibles of five adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis), and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), respectively, and various three-dimensional morphometric parameters were measured from the condylar trabecular bone. No significant differences were found among the taxa for most trabecular bone structural features. Importantly, no mechanically significant parameters, such as bone volume fraction and degree of anisotropy, were found to vary significantly between gouging and nongouging primates. The lack of significant differences in mechanically relevant structural parameters among these three platyrrhine taxa may suggest that gouging as a habitual dietary behavior does not involve significantly higher loads on the mandibular condyle than other masticatory behaviors. Alternatively, the similarities in trabecular architecture across these three taxa may indicate that trabecular bone is relatively unimportant mechanically in the condyle of these primates and therefore is functionally uninformative. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2010. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.