Summary to the symposium issue: Primate fallback strategies as adaptive phenotypic plasticity—Scale, pattern, and process



In this discussion, I evaluate our understanding of fallback foods in primate and hominin ecology and evolution with reference to the challenges of nomenclature, scale, and of linking individual responses to food availability and properties (process) to species traits (pattern). I use these challenges to form the framework of my discussion and ultimately conclude that we situate the discussion of primate fallback strategy into a broader, “synthetic” framework of animal form and the evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity. Am J Phys Anthropol 140:759–766, 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.