SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Anderson R. 1982. Ascorbic acid and immune functions: mechanism of immunostimulation. In: Councell JN,Horning DH, editors. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid). London: Applied Science. p 249272.
  • Anon. 1848. Board of Guardians. Kilkenny J. 27 December.
  • Arabaolaza I,Ponce P,Boylston A. 2007. Skeletal analysis. In: Adams J,Colls K, editors. ‘Out of darkness, cometh light’. Life and death in nineteenth-century Wolverhampton. Excavation of the overflow burial ground of St Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton 2001–2002. Birmingham Archaeology Monograph Series 3. BAR British Series 442. p 3969.
  • Aschoff L,Koch W. 1919. Skorbut; Eine pathologische-anatomische Studie. Jena: Gustav Fischer.
  • Barrett J. 1849. Observations on scurvy as it was developed in Bath and its neighbourhood, in the spring of 1847. In: Harcourt Ranking W,Walsh JH, editors. Provincial medical & surgical journal. London: John Churchill. p 148153.
  • Bartley W,Krebs HA,O'Brien JRP. 1953. Vitamin C requirements of human adults. Medical Research Council Special Report Series. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office.
  • Basu TK,Schorah CJ. 1982. Vitamin C in health and disease. London: AVI Publishing Company.
  • Bowman GL,Dodge H,Frei B,Calabrese C,Oken BS,Kaye JA,Quinn JF. 2009. Ascorbic acid and rates of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. J Alzheimers Dis 16: 9398.
  • Boyle A,Boston C,Witkin A. 2005. The archaeological experience at St Luke's church, Old Street, Islington. Unpublished report. Oxford: Oxford Archaeology.
  • Boyle PP,Ó Gráda C. 1986. Fertility trends, excess mortality, and the Great Irish Famine. Demography 23: 543562.
  • Brickley M. 2000. The diagnosis of metabolic disease in archaeological bone. In: Cox M,Mays S, editors. Human osteology in archaeology and forensic science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 183198.
  • Brickley M,Buteux S,Adams J,Cherrington R. 2006. St Martin's uncovered: investigations in the churchyard of St Martin's-in-the-Bull Ring, Birmingham, 2001. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Brickley M,Ives R. 2006. Skeletal manifestations of infantile scurvy. Am J Phys Anthropol 129: 163172.
  • Brickley M,Ives R. 2008. The bioarchaeology of metabolic disease. Amsterdam: Academic Press.
  • Brickley M,McKinley JI. 2004. Guidelines to the standards for recording human remains. Reading: BABAO/IFA.
  • Brickley M,Miles A,Stainer H. 1999. The Cross Bones burial ground, Redcross Way Southwark London. Archaeological excavations (1991–1998) for the London Underground Limited Jubilee Line Extension Project. MOLAS Monograph 3. London: Museum of London.
  • Broadbent BHSr,Broadbent BHJr,Golden WH. 1975. Bolton standards of dentofacial developmental growth. Saint Louis: CV Mosby Company.
  • Brooks S,Suchey JM. 1990. Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: a comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods. Hum Evol 5: 227238.
  • Brown M,Ortner DJ. 2011. Childhood scurvy in a medieval burial from Mačvanska Mitrovica, Serbia. Int J Osteoarchaeol 21: 197207.
  • Buikstra JE,Ubelaker DH. 1994. Standards for data collection from human skeletal remains: Proceedings of a seminar at the Field Museum of Natural History. Fayetteville: Arkansas Archeological Survey Press.
  • Carpenter KJ. 1986. The history of scurvy and Vitamin C. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Clarkson LA,Crawford EM. 2001. Feast and famine: a history of food and nutrition in Ireland 1500–1920. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Crawford EM. 1988. Scurvy in Ireland during the Great Famine. Soc Hist Med 1: 281300.
  • Curran JO. 1847. Observations on scurvy as it has lately appeared throughout Ireland, and in several parts of Great Britain. Dublin Q J Med Sci 4: 83134.
  • de Tocqueville A. 1835. Memoir on pauperism. Reprinted by Civitas, London, 1997.
  • Dixit VM. 1979. Cause of depression in chronic scurvy. Lancet 314: 10771078.
  • Falys CG,Lewis ME. 2011. Proposing a way forward: a review of standardisation in the use of age categories and ageing techniques in osteological analyses (2004–2009). Int J Osteoarchaeol 21: 704716.
  • Friedrich W. 1988. Vitamins. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.
  • Galler JR,Barrett LR. 2001. Children and famine: long-term impact on development. Ambul Child Health 7: 8595.
  • Geary LM. 1996. ‘The Late Disastrous Epidemic’: medical relief and the Great Famine. In: Morash C,Hayes R, editors. ‘Fearful Realities’. New perspectives on the Famine. Blackrock: Irish Academic Press. p 4959.
  • Geber J. 2012. Burying the Famine dead: Kilkenny Union Workhouse. In: Crowley J,Smyth WJ, editors. Atlas of the Great Irish Famine 1845–52. Cork: Cork University Press.
  • Hemilä H. 2003. Vitamin C, respiratory infections and the immune system. Trends Immunol 24: 579580.
  • Hirschmann JV,Raugi GJ. 1999. Adult scurvy. J Am Acad Dermatol 41: 895906.
  • Hodges RE,Baker EM,Hood J,Saurberlich HE,March SC. 1969. Experimental scurvy in man. Am J Clin Nutr 22: 535548.
  • Hodges RE,Hood J,Canham JE,Sauberlich HE,Baker EM. 1971. Clinical manifestations of ascorbic acid deficiency in man. Am J Clin Nutr 24: 432443.
  • İşcan MY,Loth SR,Wright RW. 1984. Metamorphosis at the sternal rib end: a new method to estimate age at death in white males. Am J Phys Anthropol 65: 147156.
  • İşcan MY,Loth SR,Wright RW. 1985. Age estimation from the rib by phase analysis: white females. J Forensic Sci 30: 853863.
  • Ivanovsky A. 1923. Physical modifications of the population of Russia under famine. Am J Phys Anthropol 6: 331353.
  • Jantz RL,Hunt DR,Meadows L. 1994. Maximum length of the tibia: how did Trotter measure it? Am J Phys Anthropol 93: 525528.
  • Kennedy L,Ell PS,Crawford EM,Clarkson LA. 1999. Mapping the Great Irish Famine. Dublin: Four Courts Press.
  • Keys A,Brožek J,Henschel A,Mickelsen O,Longstreet Taylor H. 1950. The biology of human starvation. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press.
  • Kinealy C. 2006. This great calamity: the Irish famine 1845–52. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
  • Kinsman RA,Hood J. 1971. Some behavioural effects of ascorbic acid deficiency. Am J Clin Nutr 24: 455464.
  • Lalor J. 1848. Observations on the late epidemic fever. Dublin Q J Med Sci 5: 1230.
  • Liversidge HM,Herdeg B,Rösing FW. 1998. Dental age estimations of non-adults. A review of methods and principles. In: Alt KW,Rösing FW,Teschler-Nicola M, editors. Dental anthropology: fundamentals, limits and prospects. Vienna: Springer. p 419442.
  • Lovejoy CO,Meindl RS,Mensforth RP,Barton TJ. 1985a. Multifactorial determination of skeletal age at death: a method and blind test of its accuracy. Am J Phys Anthropol 68: 114.
  • Lovejoy CO,Meindl RS,Pryzbeck TR,Mensforth RP. 1985b. Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death. Am J Phys Anthropol 68: 1528.
  • Maat GJR. 1982. Scurvy in Dutch whalers buried at Spitsbergen. In: Haneveld GT,Perizonius WRK,Janssens PJ, editors. Proceedings of the Paleopathology Association Middleburg-Antwerpen. Utrecht: Paleopathology Association. p 8293.
  • Maat GJR. 2004. Scurvy in adults and youngsters: the Dutch experience. A review of the history and pathology of a disregarded disease. Int J Osteoarchaeol 14: 7781.
  • Maat GJR,Uytterschaut HT. 1984. Microscopic observations on scurvy in Dutch whalers buried at Spitsbergen. In: Capecchi, V,Rabino Massa, E, editors. Proceedings of the Paleopathology Association Sienna. Sienna: Sienna University Press. p 211218.
  • May T. 2003. The Victorian workhouse. Princes Risborough: Shire Publications Ltd.
  • Mays S. 2007. A likely case of scurvy from early Bronze Age Britain. Int J Osteoarchaeol 18: 178187.
  • Mays S. 2008. Metabolic bone disease. In: Pinhasi R,Mays S, editors. Advances in human palaeopathology. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. p 215251.
  • Meindl RS,Lovejoy CO, 1985. Ectocranial suture closure: a revised method for the determination of skeletal age at death based on the lateral-anterior sutures. Am J Phys Anthropol 68: 5766.
  • Miles A,Powers N,Wroe-Brown R,Walker D. 2008. St Marylebone church and burial ground in the 18th to 19th centuries: excavations at St Marylebone School, 1992 and 2004–6. MOLAS Monograph 46. London: Museum of London.
  • Mokyr J,Ó Gráda C. 1999. Famine disease and famine mortality: lessons from the Irish experience. University College Dublin Centre for Economic Research, Working Paper No 12.
  • Molleson T,Cox M,Waldron T,Whittaker DK. 1993. The Spitalfields project. Volume 2. The anthropology. The middling sort. CBA Research Report 86. York: Council for British Archaeology.
  • Moorrees CFA,Fanning EA,Hunt EEJr. 1963. Age variation of formation of stages for ten permanent teeth. J Dent Res 42: 14901502.
  • O'Connor J. 1995. The workhouses of Ireland: the fate of Ireland's poor. Dublin: Anvil Books.
  • Ó Gráda C. 1999. Black '47 and beyond: The Great Irish Famine in history, economy, and memory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Ó Gráda C. 2001. Famine, trauma, and memory. Bealoideas 69: 121143.
  • Ó Gráda C. 2006. Ireland's great famine. In: Ó Gráda C, editor. Ireland's great famine: interdisciplinary perspectives. Dublin: University College Dublin Press. p 723.
  • O'Meara B. 2006. A preliminary account of recent excavations adjacent to Kilkenny Union Workhouse. Old Kilk Rev 50: 154162.
  • Ortner DJ. 2003. Identification of pathological conditions in human skeletal remains. Amsterdam: Academic Press.
  • Ortner, DJ,Butler W,Cafarella J,Milligan L. 2001. Evidence of probable scurvy in subadults from archaeological sites in North America. Am J Phys Anthropol 114: 343351.
  • Ortner DJ,Ericksen MF. 1997. Bone changes in the human skull probably resulting from scurvy in infancy and childhood. Int J Osteoarchaeol 7: 212220.
  • Ortner DJ,Kimmerle EH,Diez M. 1999. Evidence of scurvy in subadults from archaeological sites in Peru. Am J Phys Anthropol 108: 321331.
  • Paleologos M,Cumming RG,Lazarus R. 1998. Cohort study of Vitamin C intake and cognitive impairment. Am J Epidemiol 148: 4550.
  • Patterson T. 1997. Famine fever in Kilkenny. Old Kilk Rev 49: 7488.
  • Powers N, editor. 2008. Human osteology method statement. London: Museum of London.
  • Roberts C,Cox M. 2003. Health and disease in Britain. Stroud: Sutton Publishing.
  • Ronzio RA. 2003. The encyclopedia of nutrition and good health. New York: Facts On File, Inc.
  • Rosen, S. 1999. Potato paradoxes. J Polit Econ 107: 294313.
  • Salis N,Massa Dettoni E,Fulcheri E,Rabino Massa E. 2005. Pathological lesions attributable to vitamin deficiency in skeletal remains from Puy St. Pierre (Briançon, France). Int J Anthropol 20: 325330.
  • Scheuer JL,Black S. 2000. Developmental juvenile osteology. London: Academic Press.
  • Smith BH. 1991. Standards of human tooth formation and dental age assessment. In: Kelley MA,Larsen CS, editors. Advances in dental anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss. p 14368.
  • Stuart-Macadam PL. 1989. Nutritional deficiency diseases: a survey of scurvy, rickets, and iron-deficiency anemia. In: İşcan MY,Kennedy KAR, editors. Reconstruction of life from the skeleton. New York: Alan R. Liss Inc. p 201222.
  • Sullivan WN. 1903. Diseases in infancy due to faulty nutrition. Infantile rhachitis, infantile scorbutus and infantile atrophy. Calif State J Med 1: 234236.
  • Trotter M,Gleser GC. 1952. Estimation of stature from long bones of American Whites and Negroes. Am J Phys Anthropol 10: 463514.
  • Trotter M,Gleser GC. 1958. A re-evaluation of estimation of stature based on measurements of stature taken during life and of long bones in death. Am J Phys Anthropol 16: 79123.
  • van der Merwe AE,Steyn M,Maat GJR. 2010. Adult scurvy in skeletal remains of late 19th century mineworkers in Kimberley, South Africa. Int J Osteoarchaeol 20: 307316.
  • Walker PL,Barhurst RR,Richman R,Gjerdrum T,Andrushko VA. 2009. The causes of porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia: a reappraisal of the iron-deficiency-anemia hypothesis. Am J Phys Anthropol 139: 109125.
  • Waldron T. 2007a. Palaeoepidemiology: the measure of disease in the human past. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press Inc.
  • Waldron T. 2007b. St Peter's. Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire: a parish church and its community, Vol. 2: The human remains. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Weize Prinzo Z. 1999. Scurvy and its prevention and control in major emergencies. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Wing ES,Brown AB 1979. Paleonutrition. Methods and theory in prehistoric foodways. New York: Academic Press.
  • Wood JW,Milner GR,Harpending HC,Weiss KM. 1992. The osteological paradox: problems of inferring health from skeletal samples. Curr Anthropol 33: 343370.
  • World Health Organization, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. 2004. Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  • Woodham-Smith C. 1964. The Great Hunger. Ireland 1845–1849. London: Penguin Books.