This article was published online on 3 May 2012. An error was subsequently identified. This notice is included in the online and print versions to indicate that both have been corrected 9 May 2012.
Emerging genetic patterns of the european neolithic: Perspectives from a late neolithic bell beaker burial site in Germany†
Article first published online: 3 MAY 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 148, Issue 4, pages 571–579, August 2012
How to Cite
Lee, E. J., Makarewicz, C., Renneberg, R., Harder, M., Krause-Kyora, B., Müller, S., Ostritz, S., Fehren-Schmitz, L., Schreiber, S., Müller, J., von Wurmb-Schwark, N. and Nebel, A. (2012), Emerging genetic patterns of the european neolithic: Perspectives from a late neolithic bell beaker burial site in Germany. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 148: 571–579. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22074
- Issue published online: 11 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 3 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 8 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 21 NOV 2011
- The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) (SPP 1400 “Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation: on the origin and development of Neolithic large-scale buildings and the emergence of early complex societies in northern central Europe”). Grant Number: #RE3001/1-1
- Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes” and the Faculty of Medicine of Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (CAU)
- Neolithic Europe;
- ancient DNA;
- population genetics
The transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture in Europe is associated with demographic changes that may have shifted the human gene pool of the region as a result of an influx of Neolithic farmers from the Near East. However, the genetic composition of populations after the earliest Neolithic, when a diverse mosaic of societies that had been fully engaged in agriculture for some time appeared in central Europe, is poorly known. At this period during the Late Neolithic (ca. 2,800–2,000 BC), regionally distinctive burial patterns associated with two different cultural groups emerge, Bell Beaker and Corded Ware, and may reflect differences in how these societies were organized. Ancient DNA analyses of human remains from the Late Neolithic Bell Beaker site of Kromsdorf, Germany showed distinct mitochondrial haplotypes for six individuals, which were classified under the haplogroups I1, K1, T1, U2, U5, and W5, and two males were identified as belonging to the Y haplogroup R1b. In contrast to other Late Neolithic societies in Europe emphasizing maintenance of biological relatedness in mortuary contexts, the diversity of maternal haplotypes evident at Kromsdorf suggests that burial practices of Bell Beaker communities operated outside of social norms based on shared maternal lineages. Furthermore, our data, along with those from previous studies, indicate that modern U5-lineages may have received little, if any, contribution from the Mesolithic or Neolithic mitochondrial gene pool. Am J Phys Anthropol 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.