mtDNA variation in East Africa unravels the history of afro-asiatic groups
Article first published online: 3 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 150, Issue 3, pages 375–385, March 2013
How to Cite
Boattini, A., Castrì, L., Sarno, S., Useli, A., Cioffi, M., Sazzini, M., Garagnani, P., De Fanti, S., Pettener, D. and Luiselli, D. (2013), mtDNA variation in East Africa unravels the history of afro-asiatic groups. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 150: 375–385. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22212
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 3 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 11 JUL 2012
- University of Bologna RFO grants 2010 and 2011 to DL
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article.
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppFig1.tif||1224K||Supporting Information Figure 1. Contour map of nucleotide diversity in the studied populations.|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppFig2.tif||743K||Supporting Information Figure 2. Mclust BIC values as a function of the number of inferred clusters (components) for ten different models (EII: spherical, equal volume; VII: spherical, unequal volume; EEI: diagonal, equal volume and shape; VEI: diagonal, varying volume, equal shape; EVI: diagonal, equal volume, varying shape; VVI: diagonal, varying volume and shape; EEE: ellipsoidal, equal volume, shape, and orientation; EEV: ellipsoidal, equal volume and equal shape; VEV: ellipsoidal, equal shape; VVV: ellipsoidal, varying volume, shape, and orientation).|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppFig3.tif||291K||Supporting Information Figure 3. Nucleotide diversity simulated distributions and observed values (red asterisks) in four populations/clusters (A, B1, B2, C) according to the best-fitting scenario (d, Tab. 3).|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppFig4.tif||730K||Supporting Information Figure 4. Distributions of haplotype diversity (Hap. Div.), nucleotide diversity (Nuc. Div.), Tajima's D (Taj.) and Nei's distance (Nei Dist.) in/between two simulated populations (1: EA, 2: Levant) according to EA and Levantine (LEV) scenarios for the origin of AA. Each plot includes 95% confidence intervals (CIs) estimations for the two scenarios.|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppFig5.tif||2185K||Supporting Information Figure 5. Contour maps of the five most frequent macro-haplogroups in East Africa (L0, L2, L3, L4, M).|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppTab1.xls||36K||Supporting Information Table 1. Geographic location and linguistic affiliation of the 79 examined population samples. For each sample the table includes nucleotide diversity value (pN) and Mclust results with the corresponding DAPC-based membership probabilities.|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppTab2.xls||101K||Supporting Information Table 2. Haplotypes and corresponding haplogroups for the Ethiopian and Kenyan samples. Haplotype motifs were obtained comparing sequences with both the Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS) and the new Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence (RSRS).|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppTab3.xls||32K||Supporting Information Table 3. Frequencies of the considered mtDNA haplogroups in East African populations.|
|AJPA_22212_sm_SuppRef.doc||43K||Supporting Information Reference.|
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