Application of the anatomical method to estimate the maximum adult stature and the age-at-death stature
Version of Record online: 30 JUL 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 152, Issue 1, pages 96–106, September 2013
How to Cite
Niskanen, M., Maijanen, H., McCarthy, D. and Junno, J.-A. (2013), Application of the anatomical method to estimate the maximum adult stature and the age-at-death stature. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 152: 96–106. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22332
- Issue online: 23 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 30 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 16 JAN 2013
- Academy of Finland and Finnish Cultural Foundation
- stature estimation;
- skeletal height;
- age adjustment
This study focuses on the age adjustment of statures estimated with the anatomical method. The research material includes 127 individuals from the Terry Collection. The cadaveric stature (CSTA)–skeletal height (SKH) ratios indicate that stature loss with age commences before SKH reduction. Testing three equations to estimate CSTA at the age at death and CSTA corrected to maximum stature from SKH indicates that the age correction of stature should reflect the pattern of age-related stature loss to minimize estimation error. An equation that includes a continuous and linear age correction through the entire adult age range [Eq. (1)] results in curvilinear stature estimation error. This curvilinear stature estimation error can be largely avoided by applying a second linear equation [Eq. (2)] to only individuals older than 40 years. Our third equation [Eq. (3)], based on younger individuals who have not lost stature, can be used to estimate maximum stature. This equation can also be applied to individuals of unknown or highly uncertain age, because it provides reasonably accurate estimates until about 60/70 years at least for males. Am J Phys Anthropol 152:96–106, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.